The Royal Houses Of Punjab
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:48 AM
The Royal Houses of Punjab with their rich history and Lavish lifestyles have have always fascinated me.The Five Sikh Houses of Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala and Faridkot along with the Muslim state of Malerkotla all carry the Blessings of the Guru Sahiban.
The Phulkian states of Patiala, Jind, and Nabha all descend from Phul of the Brar Bans, born AD 1627 .After the Battle of Gurusar (AD1631), Phul came to Guru Hargobind Sahib with his brother Sandaali and his 'chacha' , Uncle, Kala. In the diwan of Guru Sahib, Phul began to beat his belly to indicate he was hungry. Guru Hargobind Sahib gave Phul the blessing that Guru Nanak would bless Phul with the capacity to feed thousands and he would one day have a kingdom. Guru Har Rai Sahib also blessed Phul on his travels in Malva (AD 1646)
The sons of Phul - Tilokh Singh and Ram Singh were blessed with Khande di Amrit from Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib - They were blessed with the 'Apaar kirpa' of Guru Gobind Singh - evidence of this can be seen in the Patiala Hukumnama sent by Guru Sahib in 1696
Text of the Hukumnama ;
ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ । ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਜੀਉ ਕੀ ਆਗਿਆ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਤੇਲੋਕਾ ਭਾਈ ਰਾਮਾ ਸਰਬਤ ਸੰਗਤ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਖੈਗਾ ਤੁਧ ਜਮੀਅਤ ਲੈਕੇ ਅਸਾਡੇ ਹਜੂਰ ਆਵਣਾ ਮੇਰੀ ਤੇਰੇ ਉਪਰਿ ਬਹੁਤ ਖੁਸੀ ਹੈ ਤੇਰਾ ਘਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਹੈ ਤੁਥੁ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਦੇਖਦਿਆ ਹੀ ਛੇਤੀ ਅਸਾਡੇ ਹਜੂਰ ਆਵਣਾ ਤੇਰਾ ਘਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਅਸੈ¹ ਤੁਧੁ ਸਿਤਾਬੀ ਹੁਕਮ ਦੇਖਦਿਆ ਹੀ ਆਵਣਾ ਤੁਸਾਂ ਅਸਵਾਰ ਲੈਕੇ ਆਵਣਾ ਜਰੂਰ ਆਵਣਾ ਤੇਰੇ ਉਤੈ ਅਸਾਡੀ ਭਾਰੀ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨਗੀ ਅਸੈ ਤੈ ਆਵਣਾ ਇਕ ਜੋੜਾ ਭੇਜਾ ਹੈ ਰਖਾਵਣਾ ਭਾਦੋਂ ੨. ਸੰਮਤ ੫੩।” (੧੭੫੩)
Translation (from the 2003 Dix Noonan Webb sale catalogue for the Sale of the 'Nishan-i-Phul')
There is one God. The Guru is great. It is the order of the Guru. Bhai Rama and
Bhai Tilokha, the Guru will protect all. You are required to come with your contingent. I am much pleased with you. Your house is my refuge. On seeing this letter you should come in my presence. Your house is my refuge. You should come to me immediately. On seeing this letter you should arrive with horsemen. Do come. I have sent one robe of honour. Keep it with you.
Written order, hukamnama, from Guru Gobind Singh to the brothers Rama and Tilokha, dated 2 August 1696.
In the Hukumnama the brothers are asked to come to Anandpur with Soldiers, arms and horses ( as all Sikhs were ordered to ) to help Guru Sahib in his Battles with the Hill Rajas - Guru Sahib states that "Your house is my refuge" - 'Tera Ghar Mera Asey' - This has become the Patiala motto - seen on the 'order of Phul' and other medals and decorations. It is said that it is because of this blessing from Guru Sahib that the 11 Missals never attacked the Phulkian States despite some 'dubious' behaviour on their part.
Ram Singh went on to form the House of Patiala and Tilokh Singh the Houses of Nabha and Jind. These Houses are from the Brar Bans , Patiala being Sidhu-Brars, the house of Faridkot is also Brar - In the Zafar Nama Guru Gobind Singh states to Aurangzeb that
" ਹਮਹ ਕ਼ੌਮ ਬੈਰਾੜ ਹੁਕਮੇ ਮਰਾਸ੍ਤ " - 'The Brars are with me and are under my command' - evidence of the special blessing of Guru Gobind Singh.
The House of Kapurthala descends from Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia born AD 1718 - the Sardar of the Ahluwalia Missal - leader of the Dal Khalsa. He was brought up by and received the "Ashirwaad" - Blessing, of Mata Sundari Ji (Wife of Guru Gobind Singh ji) in Delhi. On his return to Punjab he received a 'Gurj' - Mace , sword, a shield, a bow and a quiver full of arrows, a dress and a silver staff from Mata Ji - predicting that he would rise to eminence. Jassa Singh Alhuwalia succeeded Nawab Kapoor Singh - who had adopted him as a son and taught him Shastar vidia - Kapoor Singh gave him the sword of Guru Gobind Singh Ji - now kept in the Kapurthala treasury. Jassa Singh was well respected by all - it is he who blessed the Maharaja of Patiala - Amar Singh with Khande di Amrit.
Jassa Singh had no heir and was succeded by Bhag Singh his cousin.
The House of Faridkot was founded by Bhallan - who had helped Guru Hargobind Sahib at the battle of Mehraj. His descendent Kapura declined to help Guru Gobind Singh by not allowing the use of his fort at KotKapura - because he feared angering the Mughals - however he did help in a covert fashion at the battle of Muktsar in 1705.
The House of Malerkotla - is a Pathan Muslim state - The Nawab of Malerkotla,Sher Mohammed Khan, was present when the Cchote Sahibzadas were sentenced to death by his relative Wazir Khan in Sirhind - he lodged his protest saying it was against the tenets of Islam and walked out of the Durbar in protest. When Guru Gobind Singh Ji came to hear of this, he blessed the nawab with a hukumnama and a sword . It is because of this blessing that Malerkotla saw no sectarian violence during Partition in 1947 and still remains a predominately muslim area in East Punjab.
Here is a collection of Photographs - some of my favourite images - that document the Lavish Lifestyle of the Maharajas of Punjab. They are beautiful images captured by some of the worlds finest photographers.
I'll start with the Blessings of the Guru Sahiban
Phul at the Durbar of Guru Hargobind Sahib - beats his belly and receives a bountiful Blessing - which took the form of the Phulkian Kingdoms
The Patiala Hukumnama
The Nisan of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
The 'Patiala Motto' the words of Guru Sahib - "Your house is my refuge" - 'Tera Ghar Mera Asey'
The 'Nishan-i-Phul' or Order of Phul - with the 'Patiala motto'
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:49 AM
Ala Singh - Founder of Patiala
Maharaja Mohindar Singh of Patiala (died 1876)
Maharaja Rajindar Singh Patiala
The visit of the Viceroy Lord Ripon in 1884 - Patiala ( Maharaja Rajindar Singh)
The Maharaja Bhupindar Singh as a boy - note the dwarf - a lucky mascot - on the left
as a boy
Bhupindar Singh hunting with the Prince of Wales ( later to abdicate in the Wallace Simpson crisis)
Bhupindar Singh on the roof of the Savoy Hotel, London
Bhupinder Singh wearing the 'Nishan-i-Phul' and medals
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:50 AM
The Patiala Palace - Motibagh
Bhupinder Singh in all his finery
The Patiala Necklace made by Cartier - their biggest ever commission - a total of 962.25 carats - including the De Beers 'yellow' 234.65 carat diamond
Bhupinder Singh and the ladies of his family - photo by Van Dyke
one is wearing a Cartier Ruby necklace
An informal sitting - Bhupinder Singh without his trademark Turban , a pair of glasses perched on his forehead- sitting with his daughters - photo by Van Dyke
The Patiala Children - including Yadvinder Singh - Father of Amrinder Singh - the Current Maharaja
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:51 AM
The Maharaja Bhupinder Singh Patiala with the Maharaja of Kapurthala Jagatjit Singh
Maharaja Yadvinder Singh
wearing the Cartier necklace
The wedding of Captain Amrinder Singh and Preneet Kaur
Captain Amrinder Singh - the current Maharaja
Amrinder Singh with Giani Zail Singh
The Tikka Sahib - the heir of Patiala - Raninder Singh
Maharaja Hira Singh with his heir Ripudaman Singh
The Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala - as a pampered chubby child - he shows no signs of the cultured 'Francophile' he became in later life - note the stripey socks and ill fitting 'mojey' shoes.
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:52 AM
Jagatjit Singh in Europe 1893 - with his wife - said to have been smuggled out dressed as a man - as women were not allowed out of the palace or travel !
The Kapurthala Palace modelled on Versailles
Jagatjit Singh on a Tricycle - it is said that he was too large to mount or dis mount without help - when he drove around Kapurthala - the sweet shop vendors would tease him by saying come inside and have some sweets - knowing he couldn't get off the tricycle - even if he wanted to !
The Kapurthala Princes
the princes dressed in European clothes
Kapurthala was known for it's taste and extravagance - and also it's glamour - here is a collection highlighting the Lavish and glamourous 1920s and 1930s
Amrit Kaur - daughter of Jagatjit Singh and Rani of Mandi
Amrit Kaur and children
Rani Sita Devi of Kapurthala - by Andre Durst 1934
Sita Devi by Cecil Beaton 1937
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:52 AM
by Cecil Beaton 1940
Maharani Brinda Devi of Kapurthala - oil by Laszlo
The Current Maharaja - Brig. Sukhjit Singh
Sukhjit Singh with Tikka , heir Shatrujit Singh
The maharaja Ranbir Singh and his Romanian wife Olive
The marriage of Yuvraj Rajbir Singh of Jind 1939 - with 'Chhattar' above his head to ward off the 'evil eye'
The Maharaja Balbir Singh of Faridkot
Posted 11 March 2007 - 11:53 AM
The current Nawab of Malerkotla standing infront of a portrait of Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan of Malerkotla
****Pictures and References from :
The Sikhs Images of a Heritage - T S Randhawa - Prakash Books - 2000
The Maharaja - Sharada Dwivedi - Roli Books - 1999
The Unforgettable Maharajas - E Jaiwant Paul & Pramod Kapoor - 2003
Made for Maharajas - Amin Jaffer - New Holland - 2006
Indian Princely Medals - Tony McClenaghan - Lancer - 1996
Gurdwaras - Patwant Singh - Himalayan - 1992
The Illustrated History of the Sikhs (1947-1978) - Gur Rattan Pal Singh - 1979
Sikh Shrines in West Pakistan - Khan Mohammed Waliullah Khan - Govt of Pakistan - 1962
The Maharajas - John lord - Random House - 1971
Khalsa Panth - Khushwant Singh Raghu Rai - Tricolour - 1984
Gurshabad Rattanakar Mahan Kosh - Kahn Singh Nabha
Sale Catalogue - Dix Noonan Webb - 'Nishan-i- Phul' - July 2003
Hope you enjoyed the photographs !
Bhul Chuk Maaf
Ranjit Singh 'Freed'
Posted 11 March 2007 - 07:13 PM
(167-6, gauVI bYrwgix, mÚ 4)
hamray avgun bahut bahut hai baho baar baar har ganat na aavai.
My demerits are so many and numerous. I have sinned so many times, over and over again. O Lord, they cannot be counted.
(167-6, gauVI bYrwgix, mÚ 4)
tooN gunvantaa har har da-i-aal har aapay bakhas laihi har bhaavai.
You, Lord, are the Merciful Treasure of Virtue. When it pleases You, Lord, You forgive me.
Posted 12 March 2007 - 10:42 PM
I think we only have Mahraja Ranjit who was the best of all in terms of sikhi.. even though he was married to few ladies, used to drink but he was in some way very un-selfish type person who was awesome social helper kinda king. As i see... Nobody can top him in anyway.. I read Passion India (must read) book and it reveals how lusty royal kings of Kapurthala and Patiala were.. one having over 100 wives and other having more than 300 wives (bhupinder).. and also read that how raja of patiala doesn't want industry to come to town because he had fear that he might get shortage of workers at his palace of 1000 rooms.. Things like that makes us wonder.. how good or bad they were.. somethings are just too much to digest, maybe these stuff were norm at that era.. Just my views on Royal kings of punjab.. sorry for taking this thread in a negative/off topic way...
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