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  1. Guryu Gobind Singh Ji, tenth Guru of the Sikhs, a true millitary and portic genius; founder and spiritual father of the Khalsa or pure ones.Guru Gobind singh ji wielded both the sword and pen effectively. Guru ji used his pen to praise the God almighty and his sword to uproot evil and spread righteousness.Guru Gobind singh Ji sacrificed his entire household to uphold righteousness. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's prose awakens the soul from the deep slumber of maya and infuses heroic spirit into the downtrodden masses.. Guru Gobind Singh Ji states that " I only speak what the Lord God instructs me to.Nor do I fear anyone" Bacchittar natak Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji. Guru Gobind Singh ji was a great scholar himself . 52 poets worked in Guru Ji's court. Poets were respected by Kings. Guru Gobind Singh ji appreciated the works of scholarly poets whose works reflected high moral values and rewarded them with gold coins. Guru Gobind Singh ji used his prose rto awaken the sleepng cowardly nation. Guru Gobind Singh Ji offered refuge to those who fled the Mughal Emperors court. Diwan Nand Lal Goya fled the Emperor aurangzebs court out of ear of compulsory conversion to islam. Anadpur Sahib or the city of bliss became a centre of millitary excellence as weall as flourishing as a litterary school. The work of guru ji's poets wetre included in a Granth or recension known as vidiya sagar which was lost to the river Sirsa on Guru Ji's forced departure from Sri Anadpur Sahib in 1704. Later on , the Sikhs gathered as much litterature as they could from what remained. It must be noted that the first recension of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or the Adi granth was compiled by Sri Guru arjan Dev Ji and installed at Sri Harimandir Sahin in 1704. The Final recension of Sahib Sri Guru Granth sahib ji known as the Damdami Bir or final recension was declared to be the etrnal living Guru or Shabad Guru of the Sikhs hereafter at Takhat Sri Hazoor Sahib Abchal Nagar Nanded in October 1708 before Guru Gobind singh Jis demise. Guru Gobind Singh Ji finalisedthe Damdami version of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji at Sabo Ki talwandi Sri Damdam Sahib and added the gurubani of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji .Guru Ji dictated the entire Guru Granth Sahib to two scholars Baba Depp Singh Ji and Bhai Mani Singh jI from his divine intuition because Guru Gobind Singh jI's uncle refused to handover the Adi Granth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's compositions are included in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib which include Jaap Sahib, Akaal ustaat, Bachittar Natak, Chandi chariitar etc.
  2. Adapted from Purakh Bhagwant Roop Guru Gobind Singh Ji by Principal Satbir Singh Ji Guru Gobind Singh Ji fought 14 battles against the Moghul forces to uphold righteousness. Guru Ji's last battle of Sri anandpur Sahib has had an everlasting impact upon the evolution of Sikh history. Emperor Aurangzeb realised that several of his Royal Commanders such as General Sayyad Khan and several others had become ardent devotees of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The emperor sent a a combined battalion of the Nawabs of Lahore, Sarhind, Jammu and Multan to attack Sri Anandpur Sahib. Emperor Aurangzeb sent an order that Guru Gobind Singh Ji was seeking revenge for his father's martyrdom and was therefore planning a rebellion as well as encouraging others to do so. Aurangzeb ordered the Nawab of Sirhind to capture alive Guru Ji or to bring back his decapitated head. Historian Macauliffe says that Aurangzeb sent an envoy to invite Guru Gobind Singh Ji to meet him. “ This earth belongs to one supreme Lord. You and I have one aim. You believe in one creator God and so do I. Please come and meet .When you come to meet me I will give you a saint's welcome. God has given me this Kingdom”. To which Guru Gobind Singh Ji's replied;”Brother, the supreme Lord who has given you this Kingdom has also sent me on this earth to uphold righteousness and promulgate dharma. God gave you this kIngdom to adminster justice to the citizens. However, you did not do so. You don't treat the citizens as God's creation. How can you and I meet”. The Nawab of Sirhind invited the following Hill rajas: Raja Amir Chand (Bilaspur) Ghumand Chand (Kangrrha), Bir Singh Jaspal and Kulu, Kairall Mandi, Jammu, Noorpur, Chamba, Guler and rulers of Sri Nagar togethe to combine with the Mughal army collectively and then to attack Sri Anandpur sahib. Rangarrh and Gujjarh also joined forces. Juberdast Khan and Wajir Khan of Sirhind took a battalion of several thousands and was joined by Jummu. Guru Gobind Singh Ji strengthened his forces and chose several generals to stop the Royal Forces. Both sides exchanged arrows and gun fire continously. The Mughals faced heavy losses and were aware that if the battle continued victory would be impossible. The Mughal army decided to besiege the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib so heavily that the sikhs could not leave the fort and their food and water rations would soon be exhausted.. Food and water rations of the sikhs were soon running out. Sikhs in groups of four would leave the fort of Anandpur Sahib in search of food and water but they were never to return.The situation became so desperate that the Sikhs had to live on whatever was left in the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib. They would survive on a handful of chick peas and even these became scarce. The favourite elephant of Guru Ji, Parsadi eventually died of hunger. Guru Ji's much loved horse Da and Bidar were also suffering from hunger and had to be put down. The Sikhs decided to attack the camp of the Mughal armies to steal their rations of food and water.One night, a large army of Sikhs attacked the camp of the Mughals but the Mughals further strengthened the siege. Thousands of Mughals lost their lives. The Mughals then sent two envoys, one Sayyed and one Brahmin, who swore on the Koran and Geeta and promised that If Guru Ji and his Sikhs left the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib, no harm would come to them. Guru Gobind Singh Ji through his intuition was aware of the Mughals plans but put the Mughals to test by sending carts of old and worn clothes, bones and carcasses of old animals and covered these by precious and expensive clothes.The carts had only left the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib when the Mughals looted the carts. The citizens of Anandpur Sahib were pleading with Guru Gobind Singh Ji to leave Sri Anandpur Sahib as the Emperor had personally sworn on the Koran that no harm would come to Guru Ji if He left the city of Anandpur Sahihb. On the plea of his Sikhs and citizens, Guru Gobind Singh Ji left the Fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib on 19th December 1704; never to return to his much loved city. The consequences were the loss of ; Guru Gobind Singh Ji's four princely sons, Five beloved Sikhs, fourty beloved Mukta sikhs and many other Sikhs lost their lives. Guru Ji's valuable gnrath vidiya sagar which weighed 9 mans was lost to the river Sirsa The Battle of Chamkaur Sahib Guru Ji left the city of Anandpur Sahib on the night of 19th December 1704.Guru Ji accompanied by his four sons, five beloved ones, Mata Gujri Ji, Mata Sundri Ji accompanied by other singhs and Guru Ji left first and were followed by other groups of Sikhs.When the Mughal army army became awre of the Guru's departure many Mughal regiments attacked Guru Ji. A fierce battel enraed n the banks of the river sirsa. The River Sirsa was flooded due to the rainy season. Bhai Uday Singh who had beheaded Raja Kesri Chand held back the Mughal army but was outnumbered and hence achieved martyrdom. Bhai Jiwan Singh, the Sikh who smuggled the beheaded head of Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji from Mughal custody, held back the Mughal forces until he met a brave death. On the banks of the river Sirsa, Guru Gobind Singh Ji's family was divided into 3 parts:Guru Sahib's elder Sahibzadas Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh and other singhs crossed the River Sirsa and reached Roparh. Mata Sundar Ji, Mata Sahib Devan accompanied by Bhai Mani Singh Ji reached Hardwar and then went to Delhi.Mata Gujri Ji, Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh Singh Ji stayed at the hut of Kumi Mashki. 20th Dec 1704 Guru Ji spent at Roparh. The Mughal army spent the whole night chasing Guru Gobind Singh Ji. 21st Dec 1704 Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed at Roprah and was gurded by the Pathan of Koth Nihung Singh, Night of 21st Dec 1704 Guru Gobind Singh Ji leaves for Chamkaur Sahib Farmer Bhudhi Chand explains that the raw fort of Chamkaur would offer more protection tyhn the plains of Roparh.Guru Gobind Singh Ji had stayed at the fortress during his earlier visit to Kurukshetra. The dusk of 22 December 1704 heralded an unparallelled battle in thehistory of war. On one side were 40 hungry , tired and thirsty Sikhs nd the enemy were 100000 men...Naab Wazir Khan announced that if Guru Gobind Singh Ji and his men surrendered themselves no harm would come to them.Guru Ji showered the enemy with a fire of arrows and the Mughals too responded in a similar manner. But the Mughalswere unsuccessful in crossing the wall of Chamkaur Fort. The Mughals despatched one General Nahar Khan who used a adder to climb upto the fort's wall and as He attempted to climb the wall guru Gobind Singh ji blessed him wiith an arrow. Ghani Khan and Khwaza Mahmood too met their deaths at the hands of the Guru. Guru Ji and his Sikhs showered the advancing army with bullets, guns and arrows.Swords clashed with swords.Thousands breathed their last on the bloody battlefiield. The Nawab of sirhind, Nawab wazir khan planned to enter the fort of Chamkaur in one go. The Nawab ordered his Generals Hadayt Khan, Ismael Khan, Fuladh Khan, Sultan Khan, Asman Khan, Jahan Khan, Khaleel Khan and Booreh Khan to advance towards the fort. Guru Gobind Singh Ji dispatchedear odson Baba Ajit Singh Ji together with Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Ishar Singh, Bhai Lall Singh,Bhai Nand Singh, Bhai Kesar Singh, Bhai Deva Singh, Bhai Keertee Singh and Bhai mehar Singh. translated by kookar ji
  3. Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib is a complex consisting of several important shrines or Gurdwaras linked to the younger sahibzadas (younger sons) of Guru Gobind Singh. It is located about 5 km north of Sirhind (30°37'N, 76°23'E) in a district called Fatehgarh sahib and marks the sad site of the execution in 1705 of the two younger sons of the tenth Sikh master at the behest of Wazir Khan of Kunjpura, the faujdar of Sirhind. The main entrance to the Gurdwara complex was built by Maharaja Yadvindra Singh of Patiala in 1952. The historical wall, in which the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked in, has been preserved in this Gurdwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall in known as Gurdwara Bhora Sahib. Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri and Gurdwara Shahid Ganj are also located in the main complex of Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It was at the site of Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri that the two younger sons Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh of tenth Guru and the Guru's mother Mata Gujri were kept in confinement by Wazir Khan. The place were the three were confined is known as the `THANDA BURJ' (cold tower); built to provide a cool retreat from the summer's heat, it provided only chilling punishment to the Guru's sons and his mother during their imprisonment in the extreme cold. It was in the tower that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons. Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed at this location to honour Mata ji. History Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Gurdwaras In Main Compund 3 Gurdwaras Around main Gurdwara 4 See also 5 External Links 6 References As the Sikhs evacuated Anandpur on the night of 5-6 December 1705, they were closely pursued by the very men who had promised them a safe retreat. Guru Gobind Singh had doubted the promises of those who had laid siege to Anandpur, he had even sent out a series of wagons to test the attackers' promises. The wagons were attacked soon after they had left the safety of the Sikh fortress. It was only after a second promise written on the Qur'an and the Holy vedas of the Hindus, which included a guarantee from Aurangzeb himself, that the Sikhs and his own family members convinced the Guru to leave Anandpur. Hardly had the party reached the ice cold waters of the Rivulet Sarsa then swollen into a raging river by the winter's frigid rains when the attackers fell upon the Sikhs. Under cover of a quick rearguard action fought on the banks of the river, Guru Gobind Sing and a small band of Sikhs succeeded in crossing safely, but the Guru's family were scattered in the tumult. Guru Gobind Singh's elderly mother, Mata Gujari, and her two grandsons, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, aged 9 and 7 years respectively, had managed to cross the river but they had no where to go until one of the families' cooks, named Gangu, offered to lake them to his own village Khen. They accompanied him to his house, but he proved deceitful and betrayed them to Jam Khan and Mani Khan of Morinda. The latter at once despatched them to Sirhind where they were consigned to the Thanda Burj (Cold Tower) of the Fort, a place of comfort in the hot summers but terribly cold in the winter months. On 9 December 1705, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh were brought before Wazir Khan, who had just returned from the battle of Chamkaur. Wazir Khan tried to lure them to embrace Islam with promises of riches and honours, but they spurned the offer. He threatened them with death as an alternative to their accepting Islam, but they remained firm. A death sentence was eventually awarded. Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan of Malerkoila protested that it would be improper to harm the innocent children. Wazir Khan, however, ordered them to be bricked up alive in a wall, if they still refused conversion. They were kept in the Cold Tower in that severe winter for another two days. On 11 December they, under the orders of Wazir Khan, began to be walled in with bricks while standing on the ground. However, as the masonry reached above chest height, the wall colapsed. The next day, 12 December 1705, the Sahibzadas were once again offered the choice of conversion or death. Fatehgarh Sahib They chose the latter and fearlessly faced the executioner's sword. The cruelty of their murder and their fearlessness of death which they preferred to giving up their faith finds a touching narration in "GarijiShahTdari" an Urdu poem by a Muslim poet, Allahyar Khan Jogi, who used to recite it from Sikh platforms during the second and third decades of the twentieth century. The aged Mata Gujari who had all along been confined in the Cold Tower, only a little distance away, breathed her last as the news reached her ears. The dead bodies were kept for the night at a spot now called Bimangarh, just outside the fort wall, and were cremated the following day by Seth Todar Mall, a wealthy merchant of Sirhind. Sirhind suffered the full fury of Sikh wrath when Banda Singh Bahadur marched upon it with his daring Khalsa companions. Wazir Khan was killed and the city was occupied on 14 May 1710. Diwan Suchchanand, who had explicitly championed the penalty laid upon the captives by the faujdar, was captured and tortured to death. The town, including the Fort, was razed to the ground. A memorial was raised marking the spot where the Sahibzadas were martyred and named Fatehgarh (Fort of Victory). Sirhind, however, soon fell back into the hands of the Mughals and was later conquered by Ahmad Shah Durrani who appointed Zain Khan as faujdar in 1761. As Zain Khan was finally defeated and killed in battle on January 1764 by the Dal Khalsa and as Sikhs occupied the country around Sirhind, no Sikh Sardar was willing to keep the accursed town. It was consequently conferred upon Bhai Buddha Singh, a pious and humble Sikh. He later sold it to Baba Ala Singh, founder of the Patiala dynasty. To honour the memory of the young martyrs, a Gurdwara was constructed on the site of the old memorial and named Fatehgarh Sahib. Maharaja Karam Singh (1798-1845) of Paliala had the Gurudwara rebuilt. He also gave Sirhind Nizamat (district) the name of Fateh Sahib. Other shrines were, in course established around the central Gurdwara. For over a century the management of the shrines at Fatehgarh Sahib remained in the hands of local priests. In 1906, a group consisting of custodians of the the shrines was formed. In 1944, Paliala ment constituted an Interim Gurdwara and an Improvement Commitee Gurdwaras Fatehgarh Sahib and Joti After the formation of the Patiala a Punjab States Union (PEPSU) inJu the Interim Board was amalgamated Dharam Arth (Religious Endow Board. Upon the unification of PEP East Punjab into a single state of the the gurdwaras in PEPSU passed under control of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. Renovate development originally planned by provemcnt Committee of 1944 were l hand in 1955-56. The architectural design of the building is Indo-Islamic, with its flai pyramidal construction over a squan ribbed lotus dome on top, mosaic fill a richly patterned ceiling, radiating cusped arches, and projecting win< stands on an extensive mound and coi the landscape for miles around. The storeyed edifice on a raised platform divan hall on the ground floor, with ment below and a central pavilion an on top. The basement called Bhor contains the old brick enclosure bel be the exact site of the execution Sahibzadas. The Guru Granth Sahit cd here with holy relics, hilt of a sw' a dagger and a rust eaten fragment of a double edged weapon. The divan had marble floor and an artistically pz ceiling with the Guru Granth Sahib s the centre in a gilded pdlaki, portab pied seal, on a marble platform. The inverted lotus at the apex of the dome at the pinnacle are covered on the exterior with gold-plated sheets. The dome is topped by an umbrella shaped gold finial as are the domes of the four kiosks located at each corner of the roof. The three storied gateway is topped by decorative canopied pavilions and a clocktower.
  4. Uncover your private parts by loosening kachehra nala or cord , but keep you must keep your kachehra on both legs , then engage in sexual intercourse and then retie nala of kashera
  5. Kachera From SikhiWiki Jump to: navigation, search Kaccha - one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs Kachera/ undershorts/undergarment which resemble boxer shorts are one of the five Sikh articles of faith, given as gifts of love by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 they are worn by all Sikhs, initiated into the Khalsa. Both males and females Sikhs wear the same type of kachera. This was one of five articles of faith, collectively called Kakars that form the external visible symbols to clearly and outwardly display ones commitment and dedication to the order (Hukam) of the tenth master. This Kakar was given by Guru Gobind Singh to remind his Sikhs that they should control their sexual desire, Kam (lust). The Kacha is a long underwear that comes to just above the knees and gives a feeling of dignity, modest and honour to the person who wears this garment. The garment is usually made from white light-weight cotton material. It served to cover the person's private parts, as well, as remind Sikhs of the Guru's message to think of the opposite sex as they would think of their other family members and not as objects. The Kaccha is secured and tied with a "nala" (drawstring). This serves as another reminder that while one takes the time to untie the drawstring one is given time to think about what one is about to do. The Guru reminds us how while remembering the Lord, sexual desire can be overcome, thus: "Through the Kind and Compassionate True Guru, I have met the Lord; I have conquered sexual desire, anger and greed." (SGGS page 81) The Kacha is the Guru's gift and it reminds the Sikhs of the Guru's message regarding the control of the Five Evils especially lust. Further, this garment allows the Sikh soldier to operate in combat freely and without any hindrance or restriction. It serves its purpose efficiently and effective and is easy to fabricate, maintain, wash and carry compared to other under-garments of the day, like the dhoti, etc Gurbani reminds the Sikh to renounce worldly desire and seek the sanctuary of the Lord thus: "Renouncing sexual desire, anger, flattery and slander, they enter the Sanctuary of God." (SGGS page 469)
  6. The Supreme sacrifices of Guru Ji's two younger sons- Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh singh Ji. Mata Gujri and the younger two sons of Guru Ji stayed at the hut of Kumeh Mashki. A brahmin called Gangu from Saherhi took the Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri to his village.Gangu stole the possessions of mata Ji and claimed that theft had taken place. Mata Gujri knew that the culprit was Gangu brahmin but she urged him to keep her possessions if he wanted. Gangu became furious and accused Mata Ji of calling him a thief. Gangu informed the Kotwal. The thanedar of Murinda arrested Mata Gujri Ji and the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and kept them in a cell overnight. The following morning Guru Ji's younger sons and Mata Ji were escorted to the Thanah of Bazi in a cart. They were handcuffed and shackled and taken to Sirhind. They were kept n cold cell overnight. Moti Mehra risked his life to provide hot milk for the younger son's of Guru Ji. The following day, 24th December, 1704, the younger son's of Guru Gobind Singh Ji were separated from their grandmother Mata Gujri Ji and were made to stand trial in a court. The two younger sons of Guru ji with their radiant faces and blue dresses looked very handsome. Many attempts were made to frighten the two young princes but to no avail. Baba Fateh Singh Ji and Baba Zorawar Singh Ji stayed determined and in high spirits. The large central gate to the court was closed and the Sahibzadas were made to enter through a small window like opening. They were ordered to bow before the nawab but how could the sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji be frightened? The Sahibzadas stepped into the Nawab's court with their feet first and uttered “Waheguru Ji kaKhalsa;Waheguru Ji ki Fateh. The Nawab of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, tried his utmost to bribe the Sahibzadas.He encouraged them to accept Islam. But again and again, the two Sahibzadas of Guru Gobind Singh Ji refused. At last, the quazi ordered a fatwa or death sentence and accused the sahibzadas of being rebellious and traitors, hence they should be bricked alive. The following day, 26th December 1704, the Sahibzadas were brought to court again.They were bribed, frightened but the Sahibzadas renained steadfast in their beliefs.They answered each question very carefully. Two executioners volunteered to brick alive the two younger son's of Guru Ji. The executioners, Shushal Beg and Vishal Beg began to raise the walls.At each point, the younger Sahibzadas were requested to embrace islam but they refused. When the wall reached their chests, the two younger son's of Guru Ji became unconscious and the wall fell to the ground. The executioner took their swords and executed the two younger son's of Guru Ji. On hearing of the martyrdom of her younger grandchildren, Mata Gujri, the Mother of Guru Ji left this mortal world. Todar Mal bought some land from the Mughals in exchange for gold coins and cremated the bodies of Guru Ji's younger sons and mother. This tragic happening took place on the evening of 27th December 1704. Today stands the shrine of Gurdwara Jyoti Saroop, Fatehgarh Sahib. The common people were furious at the death of the two Sahibzadazas.The martyrdom of the Sahibzadas breathed into the cowardly people a new spirit of courage and freedom.
  7. The Enemity of Raja Bhima Chand of Bilaspur state Guru Gobind Singh Ji was merely nine years old when his father Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was martyred at Chandni chowk Delhi. This was a very futile and testing time for the Sikh nation.But fortunate was the Sikh nation to have a righteous and diplomatic leader like Guru Gobnd Singh Ji. As soon as Guru Gobind Rai Ji accepted gurudom, Guru Ji cremated his father's severed head. Bhai Jeta Ji smuggled Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's severed head from Mughal custody and He was hugged by Guru Gobind Rai Ji and Guru Ji uttered “Rangreta Guru Ka Beta” which literally translates as Rangretta caste as son of the Guru. Bhai Jeta had risked is own life to save sacrilege to Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's severed head and indeed had committed a miraculous and brave deed. After tcremating Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's head, the young Guru Gobind Rai asked Bhai Jeta Ji about the after effects of the martyrdom on the sikhs of Delhi.Bhai Jeta Ji replied that the Sikhs of Delhi after Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's martyrdom tried to hide their identity. No one was prepared to declare himself a Sikh of the guru.A wave of fear struck the whole of Delhi.Guru Ji also heard of the bravery of those Sikhs who had helped to cremate the body of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji at Rakabganj Sahib, Delhi.The young Guru Gobind Rai Ji declared ;” That I will give my Sikhs a distinct identity where by even one gursikh will not go undistinguished in thousands of people”.Guru Ji's declaration had an important bearing upon the psychology of his Sikhs.They were reminded to be fearless and enmityless just like the divine qualities of the almighty creator God.Guru Ji also stressed the need to mediatate upon thedivine name and hence conquer evil mindedness. This was the first hint Guru Gobind Singhji gave of the forth coming inaguration of the Khalsa brotherhood which was to ensue. Guru Gobind Rai consoled the Sikh masses over the martyrdom of the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji. Instead of weeping, Guru Gobind Rai ji tackled inner weaknesses amongst the Sikhs and gathered his strength and Guru jistressed that the blood shed of a great saintly man of god like Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji would not be wasted in vain. The emperor Aurangzeb was convinced that the Sikhs were demoralised by the martyrdom of guru TeghBahadhur Ji and hence the advancement of the Sikh faith would be impossible.The surrounding Hill Rajas around Sri Anandpur Sahib Ji thought the same. However, the young Guru Gobind Rai had made other preparations. Guru Ji uplifted the spiritis of the downtrodden and disheartened masses by encouraging millitary training amongst the sikhs to include horse riding, hunting, spearfighting.Guru Ji sent edicts for the Sikh sadhsangat to present beautiful horses and good grafted weapons before the Guru in order to evoke the Guru's blessings. to be continued
  8. Gurbani Kirtan classes at Guru Nanak Gurdwara, stratford Road , sparkhilll to include harmonium, tabla, dholki and sitar every wednesday 6-8pm, thursday 6-8pm by Bibi Rajwinder Kaur Padam please contact me for further details notations of shabads provided.
  9. Guru Gobind Rai ascended the throne of Guruship at the tender age of nine. Guru Gobind Rai became the tenth spiritual master of the sikhs.Guru gobind Rai was a spiritual and millitary genius for his age.The martyrdom of guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji infused in his Sikhs a new spirit of scarifice. When Guru Gobind Rai acceeded to the throne of Guru Nanak , he took stock of his strength and set upon mastering arms and other war engines to stand eefectively against the mughal tyranny. During the installation of Guru Gobind Singh ji as the tenth Guru, Bhai Ram Kaur from the household of the revered Gursikh Baba buddha Ji adored Guru gobind Singh Ji's head with a beautiful plume which was decorated with precious stones.Bhai Ram kaur also presented Guru Gobind Singh Ji a turban, expensive shawl, a pearl necklace, a bow, sword, horse decorated with silver, an eagle and five goldcoins. the holy congregation from afar presented guru Ji with their gifts. Mata Gujri Ji kissed Guru Gobind Rai's forehead and blessed him. The congregation was served with langar .Aurangzeb's policy was to instil fer in the people but the Sikhs of guru ji flocked to Sri Anandpur sahib risking their lives. Guru Gobind Singh Ji played the mridang, tabla and sirunda very well.At Riwalsar Sahub, Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Sirunda and Kirpan are kept together. akhar vada ghata bhul chuk maff karnee
  10. Guru Gobind Rai Installed As tenth divine Guru Nanak . Gru Gobind Singh Ji states his ascension to the divine throne of guru Nanak Dev Ji after the martyrdom of the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Sahib Ji at Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh Ji states in his Bani Bachittar Natak wch is found in the Dasam Granth Sahib ji :When Hargobind merged in the Supreme reality , Hari rai sat in his place. His son was was Hari Krishan from whom emerged Gru Tegh Bahadhur Ji.111211 The Lord protected his glory and discipline of serving the cause of others and driven by this feeling he enacteda great holocaust in this drak age of Kaliyuga.tto protect the honour of the innocents he sacrificed his life. He offered his head and never gave any expressoion of pain. Committing this act of sacrifice for the sake of dharma, he gave up his head but never left his insistence on truth. Under the veil oftruth, the dramas and bad deeds done to decieve others, make the spiritually authoritative persons ashamed of such hypocrises, Dohra Breaking the body-pitcher on the head of the King of Delhi( Aurangzeb), he left for the abode of god. None else performed the great act as was done by guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji. As soon as Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji left this mortal world, this world became full of grief, Cries of distress were heard all around whereas the heavens resounded ovation and applause 16 Sri dasam granth sahib bachittar natak bani mukhwak sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  11. The Battle of Chamkaur. The dusk of December 22nd 1704 heralded an unparrallelled war in the annals of history where fourty Sikhs battled against odds of 100000 During the battle of Chamkaur, the eldest Sahibzada of Guru Gobind Singh ji fought bravely against the enemy with his spear and sword.Eventually Baba ji;s horse was martyred and Baba Ji fighting on foot met a heroic death watched by his father, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  12. <FONT size=3><FONT face="Times New Roman"> (Deepak Chopra calls this as the very effective "Law of Least Effort") Supreme Lord said: The unsatisfied desire produces anger. The satisfied desire breeds greed for more. Thus desire is a great devil, because, it can never be fully satisfied. (3.37) As the fire is covered by smoke, as a mirror by dust, and as an embryo by the womb, similarly, the Self-knowledge (Jnaan) gets covered by the veil of lust (Kaam). The lust for material and sensual enjoyment is called Kaam or Vaasanaa in Sanskrit. (3.38) Senses, the mind, and the intellect are the seat of desires. The desire deludes a person by veiling the Self-knowledge. Therefore, one must purify the intellect by Sevaa, and establish control over the mind and senses. (3.40) Spirit (Atmaa) is superior to both mind and intellect. One must not soil one's Atmaa by sinful temporary pleasures of the senses. One should first strengthen and purify the intellect by Sevaa, spiritual practices, and medita­tion; then control the mind and senses by the purified intellect, and establish control over lust (Kaam), the mighty devil of material and sensual pleasures. (3.43) CHAPTER SUMMARY: Defines what is KarmYog (KY), describes the necessity and importance of KY in spiritual journey; tells that people should teach others by their personal example; all works are really done by the nature or God using us as His instruments; Kaam or the selfish desire is the greatest enemy for the seekers of Truth; and teaches how to control insatiable desires with the help of trained and purified intellect. Sri Krishna Bhagwan in Sri Bhagavad Gita
  13. Sahibzada Ajit Singh (11 February 1687 - 7 December 1705), the eldest of four sons of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito ji (also known as Mata Sundari ji) at Paonta sahib on 11 February 1687. The following year, Guru Gobind Singh returned with the family to Anandpur where Ajit Singh was brought up in the approved Sikh style. He was taught the religious texts, philosophy and history, and had training in the martial arts such as riding, swordsmanship, gatka and archery. He grew up to be a handsome young man, strong, intelligent and a natural leader of people. Soon after the creation of the Khalsa on 30 March 1699, he had his first test of skill. A group of Sikhs (sangat) coming from Pothohar, northwest Punjab, was attacked and looted on the way by the Ranghars of Nuh, a short distance from Anandpur across the River Sutlej. Guru Gobind Singh sent Sahibzada Ajit Singh, barely 12 years of age then, to that village to intervene and defend the sangat. Ajit Singh at the head of 100 Sikhs reached there on 23 May 1699, punished the Ranghars and recovered the looted property. Following this successful mission, a much harder task was entrusted to him the following year when the hill chiefs supported by imperial troops attacked Anandpur. Sahibzada Ajit Singh was made responsible for the defence of Taragarh Fort which became the first target of attack. This, according to the Bhatt Vahis, happened on 29 August 1700. Ajit Singh, assisted by Bhai Ude Singh, a seasoned soldier, repulsed the attack. He also fought valiantly in the battles of Nirmohgarh in October 1700. On 15 March 1701, a sangat, column of Sikh devotees, coming from Darap area (present Sialkot district) was waylaid by Gujjars and Ranghars. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led a successful expedition against them too. Once a Brahman came to Guru Gobind Singh’s darbar. He complained that some Pathans of Bassi, near Hoshiarpur had taken his newly-wedded wife away by force. Sahibzada Ajit Singh offered to help the Brahman to recover his wife. As instructed by Guru Gobind Singh, on 7 March 1703 he took out 100 horsemen to Bassi, near Hoshiarpur. With this band of young brave Sikhs, Baba Ajit Singh fell upon Bassi during the night. He arrested the Pathans responsible for the wicked deed. He recovered the Brahman’s wife. He took the wicked Pathans to Anandpur the following morning. The Brahman’s wife was restored to him. The wicked Pathans were punished, suitably and severely. In the prolonged siege of Anandpur in 1705, Sahibzada Ajit Singh again displayed his qualities of courage and steadfastness. When, at last, Anandpur was vacated on the night of 5-6 December 1705, he was given command of the rearguard. As the besiegers, violating their solemn promises for a safe conduct to the evacuees, attacked the column, he stoutly engaged them on a hill feature called Shahi Tibbi until relieved by Bhai Ude Singh. Sahibzada Ajit Singh crossed the Sarsa, then in spate, along with his father, his younger brother, Jujhar Singh, and some fifty Sikhs. Further reduced in numbers by casualties at the hands of a pursuing troop from Ropar, the column reached Chamkaur in the evening of 6 December 1705, and took up position in a garhi, a highwalled fortified haveli (house). The attackers, their numbers since swelled by reinforcements from Malerkotia, Sirhind and from among the local Ranghars and Gujjars, soon caught up with them and threw a tight ring around Chamkaur. An unequal but grim battle commenced with the sunrise on 7 December 1705 in the words of Guru Gobind Singh's Zafamamah, a mere forty defying a hundred thousand (lakh). The besieged, after they had exhausted the meagre stock of ammunition and arrows, made sallies in batches of five each to engage the encircling host with sword and spear. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led one of the sallies and laid down his life fighting in the thick of the battle. He was 18 years old at the time of his supreme sacrifice for his faith. Gurdwara Qatalgarh now marks the spot where he fell, followed by Sahibzada Jujhar Singh, who led the next sally. An annual fair is held in commemoration of their martyrdoms on the 8th of the Bikrami month of Poh (December/January). The martyrdom of two of the sons of Guru Gobind Singh in the battle of Chamkaur is substantiated by a contemporary record in the form of an official letter preserved in a MS., AhkamiAlamgiriby Emperor Aurarigzib's official letter writer, Mirza 'Inayat Ullah Khan Ismi (1653-1725). The relevant extract from the MS., translated into English, reads: Received the letter containing miscellaneous matters including the arrival of Gobind, the worshipper of Nanak, to a place 12 kos from Sirhind; the despatch of a force of 700 with artillery and other material; his being besieged and vanquished in the haveli [i.e. large walled house] of a zamindar of village Chamkaur and the killing of his two sons and other companions; and the capture of his mother and another son....
  14. anyone with contact details for Ajit Singh Mutlashi Ji
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