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  1. Shaheed SANT BABA BIR SINGH JI NAURANGABAD Baba Ji was a fearless warrior, epitome of sacrifice, saint soldier. Source;Sant Baba Bir Singh Ji Naurangabad by Sant Pritam Singh Ji This great mahapursh belongs to the samprada of the jathedar of the first Panj Pyare, PyareBhai Daya Singh Ji, chosen by Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji at the historic Vaisakhi of 1699.Sant Baba Bir Singh Ji Naurangabad wale are a great Shaheed of the Sikh Faith, Their disciple were Sant Baba Khuda Singh Ji Maharaj The first shaheed of the independence struggle of India were, Shaheed Baba Mahraj Singh Ji .The jeevans of the afore mentioned Saints has been written concisely by Sant Pritam Singh Ji. The fearless warrior, epistle of sacrifice, saint soldier, sant Baba Bir Singh Ji Naurangabad wale. Baba Bir Singh was a great saint soldier,, a great sage, a fearless soldier and epistle of sacrifice.He was an example of supreme sacrifice and selfless service to mankind Baba Ji took physical birth on 3rd sudi, wednesday,1825 Bikrami at nagar Gugga Booa, district Amritsarto parents Bhai Seva Singh and Mata Dharam Kaur Ji. His mother observed that the child started to play in her lap even before the midwife arrived.He did not cry like other children, nor did the mother feel any pain on his delivery. Mata Dharam kaur and father Bhai Seva Singh Ji were overjoyed at the child's birth.All of the village came to see the newborn child.Everybody gave their congratulations that Sahib Sri gUru Hargobind Sahib Ji had once uttered the boon, “that your village will witness the birth of a mahan gursikh who will save his generations.He will laugh at his birth”.The village rs were convinced that the child Baba Bir Singh Ji would save his village and his praise would spread to near and far. Baba Ji was sent to the dharamsala to receive his gurmat education.In a short time, Baba Ji took santhiya of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji together with the study of other vedic sacred texts.Baba ji was very intelligent and did not require intensive santhya. Joining the army was considered a family occupation.Baba Ji's dad was in the platoon.Baba Ji's father was lilled in the battle of multan.Now, it was the turn of Baba Bir Singh Ji to join the army. Baba Ji joined the cavalry section of the army. On Baba Ji's return to his village, 3to 4 years after joining the army, Baba Ji found that a group of dacoits had plundered his village.Baba Ji combatted these dacoits very bravely. The villgers were pleased by Baba Ji's bravery. Reports of Baba Ji's heroic deed reached the court of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji Shere Punjab who honoured Baba Bir Singh Ji. Bana Ji remembered a lot of Gurbani and were immersed in the paath of Gurbani at all times whilst on duty.Baba Ji would defend his territory very bravely.It seemed as thogh Baba Ji had learnt Gurbani from birth.. Baba Ji said that a successful man was one that was successful in all walks of life.
  2. 33 swaiyes fro the mouth of the tenth King, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. In the first swaiye Guru Gobind Singh Ji explains; He whoever dwells on the Divine Light never puts his faith on anyone but God. He who has complete faith and love for God does not even by mistake put faith in fasts,the dead and and monuments of the dead and hermitages he who considers pilgrimage centres. charity, actsof pity, austerities and restraints all futile if devoid of love for one And He. in whom burns the perfect light is the Pure One or Khalsa; consider all others as impure.
  3. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's early childhood Bhikhan Shah or Bhikh Shah was a well revered Muslim Mystic fakir from nagar Siana. He was absorbed in deep meditation when He became aware of the incarnation of Guru Gobind Singh Ji at Patna Sahib.Bhikhan Shah today bowed towards the direction of Patna Sahib instead of Mecca.This act was considered by his followers to be contrary to the way of Islam but nevertheless Bhikhan Shah remained steadfast in his beliefs that the Son of God had today taken physical birth at Patna Sahib today.Bhikhan Shahwas born in 1637 at village Siana in Kainthal district Karnal but chose to reside at Thuska. Hr received Thuska as a jagir from the Mughals.Bhikhan Shah being a Sayyd Mir was also known by the title of Thuskha Mir Ji. Bhikhan Shah's mother Shah Mira Bhikha was from Sadaura.Rosn Oud Daula had given to Bhikhan Shah 24 villages.Bhikhan Shah at once left for the city of Patna to take a glimpse of the child Guru. Pir ji was anxious to find out ofwhich , Islam and Hinduism Guru Ji favoured.. Pir Ji placed before the child Guru three earthen pots filled with water, milk and indian sweets respectively.The water symbolised Islam,;milk symbolised Hinduism and the sweets righteousness. Islam was entangled in narrow mindeedness and strict religious laws, hence the water.Water is only of use when enclosed in a container.Hinduism lay stress on pure actions hence the milk.When Bhikhan Shah arrived in Patna, He took a glimpse of the child Guru and placed before the child Guru two earthen vessels containing indian sweets. Bhikhan Shah subsequently placed before the child guru , the earthen pots containing water and milk.Guru Ji knocked both of them empty with his gentle feet. Everyone looked dumbfounded and Bhikhan Shah stepped forward and issed Guru Ji's feet. Bhikhqan Shah became convinced that Guru Ji did not favour either Hinduism or Islam but instead defended righteousness.Guru Gobind Singh Ji explains in one of his compositions taken from his writings Akal Ustat or Utterings of Praise of the Almighty that the temple and mosque are the same.The Child guru would visit the River Ganges and bless it with his feet. Guru Ji would playfully empty out the pitchers of those taking bath in the River Ganges.Guru Ji stressed that the water of the ganges was of no use for the cleansing of the soul. Guru Ji further explained that superstitions and rituals had taken man very far away from true religion.Guru Ji offered a coin given to him by his mother to the water.A blessed soul with the name of Shiv Dutt saw in the guru the very image of the Hindu Avatar Sri Ram Chander Ji. The people of patna were very convinced that the child Guru was an incarnation of the Hindu avatar Sri Ram Chander and that the child guru was responsible for the death of the evil king Ravan.Wherever the child Guru stood in the river, The River Ganges would rise up and touch the feet of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Ji would organise mock battles between the children. Those victorious were awarded prizes by the Guru's mother and maternal uncle. Small arrows, swords and shields were prepared specially for the child Guru. Sources:Purakh Bhagwant Roop by Principal Satbir Singh
  4. the above granths relate to the life histories of the Sikh Guru.Yiou can have darshan of these Granths if yoy look at the Gurdwara Karamsar rara sahib website. s
  5. The Nirmala Sadhus have produced several Dharmik Granths, these include the famous Sooraj Prakaash Granth by Kavi Bhai Santokh Singh Ji and the Panth Prakash Granth by Giani Gian Singh Ji.At many Gurdwaras, katha of these granths are done daily. The Nirmala sadhus have discovered historic sites relating to the Sikh Gurus and constructed many gurdwaras in their memory.These include Sri Hemkunt Sahib and Sri Manikaran Sahib Ji. to be continued
  6. After the completion of their study of the Vedas, the Five Nirmala Sikhs returned to Sri Anadpur Sahib Ji where Guru Ji congratulated them on their success and uttered that my nirmale sants have now returned. Guru Ji hugged the Nirmale sants and was very pleased on their completion of their study. Guru Ji uttered that the egoistic pandits who had earlier refused to teach you earlier will now come to yourselves to stody.Therefore Guru Ji gave the knowledge of the ancient sacred texts to his SIKhs. From now onwards, Guru Ji's Sikhs were the Pandits and scholars Thereforefore Guru Ji removed the shackles of caste and Brahamnism from the Sikh faith.GUru Ji gave many boons to the Nirmala scholars. The Nirmala Panth established by Guru Gobind Singh Ji has preached Sikhism to far and wide. in those black days where the heads of Sikhs were sold , Sikhs found it very diffiult to remain in the towns and cities.These Nirmala sadhus in their ochre coloured robes kept the flame of Sikhism burning.These Nirmala scholars spread the word of gurbani, selfless service to Hindu households. The Nirmala sadhus supplied the Khalsa army in the Jungles with weapons, food, clothing, money and rendered upon them seva. When someone becomes a Khalsa, He is considered to released from the shackles of casteism.Similarly, a sadhu is also considered casteless. The afore mentionned five Gursikh Sadhus whom Guru Gobind Singh Ji adorned in ochre coloured clothes and sent to Kashi Benaras created many students who have done parchaar of gurbani, katha kirtan worldwide. These Nirmale Sadhus are commonly known as Nirmal Suamee Jee. BAba Gandha Singh Ji's students lineage Suamee Baba Darbara Singh Ji Sirhind Suamee Baba Sahib Singh Ji Suami Baba Deep Singh Ji Sodhi Suamee Baba Ram Singh Ji virakat Suamee Thakur Diyaal Singh Ji Amritsar Suami Baba Mishra Singh Ji Suamee Baba Rattan Singh Ji Suami Baba Bishan Singh JI Kreet harduaar Balaji Rajinder Singh Ji Soodn Suamee Gurprasad Hari.
  7. Braj Bhasha (Devanagari: बॄज भाषा), also called Brij Bhasha (ब्रज भाषा), Braj Bhakha (ब्रज भाखा), or Dehaati Zabaan (country tongue), is a Central Indian language closely related to Hindi. In fact it is usually considered to be a dialect of Hindi, and along with Awadhi was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Khariboli in the 19th century.
  8. Khalsa Ji Guru Gobind Singh Ji valued scholars greatly and himself was a great scholar and poet. Guru Ji employed 52 poets in his court. Amongst the scholars, Pandit Raghunath used to deliver katha sermons to the sadhsagat. Pandit Ji delivered such sweet and mind enticing katha to the saadhsangat that the Sikhs ofGuru Ji endeavoured to learn and perform katha The Sikhs approached Pandit Raghunath Ji so that they could learn Katha.Pandit Raghunath Ji told the Sikhs that only the higher castes were entitled to study the Vedas. He explained to the Sikhs that the Vedas could only be studied by the Princely castes or Brahmins.The castes that the Sikhs belonged to made them ineligible to study the Vedas. The Sikhs told Guru Gobind Singh Ji about this incident.Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj was a great scholar and intellect himself and valueed scholars greatly.Guru Gobind Singh Ji told Pandit Raghunath Ji that He wanted to make his Sikhs great scholars and asked him how He could fulfill his ambition. On their return to Ji to dress his Sikhs in the robes of Sadhus and send them to Kashi Benaras to study the Vedas. The Nirmale Sants In 1686, Guru gobind Singh Ji dressed five Gursikhs in Sadhu robes with his own hands from the holy city of Sri Paounta Sahib and sent them to the city of Kanshi Benaras to study the Vedas, other Puratan Sacred texts and for their translations Guru Ji dressed Five Gursikhs in ochre robes and their names were as follows. suami Baba Ganda Singh Ji Suami Baba Karam Singh Ji Suami Baba Saina Singh Ji Suami Baba Ram Singh Ji Sami Baba Bir Singh Ji. Khalsa Ji, yto be continued. Next article is on the return of the Nirmale saints to Sri Anandpur Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh Ji's blessings upon the Five Gursikhs Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa;Waheguru Ji KI Fateh Fridkot Wala Teeka is a classical exegesis of Sri Guru Granth Sahib in ‘Braj Bhasha’ by a team of scholars of Nirmaala Sect of Sikh Panth. It was a first attempt in this regard prompted by then rulers of Fridkot State in 19th century. For all future attempts in this field, it became an ideal prototype. As it was patronized by the Rulers of Fridkot State, it came to be known as ‘Fridkot Wala Teeka’. This project is dedicated 500th Birth please visit the below link http://www.ik13.org/PDFS/Fridkot_Wala_Teeka.pdf
  9. sadh sangat ji, this information was given by a sewak of this puratan samprada
  10. The origins of the Nirmala or Bhai Daya Singh Ji's Samprada Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji tested his Sikhs at the historic diwan of Baisakhi at Sri Kesgarh Sahib ,sri Anandpur Sahib Ji, 1756. Of the five successful beloved ones to rise to the call of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the first to offer his head to the Guru was Bhai Daya Singh Ji.Bhai Daya Singh Ji led the other Panj pyares in administering Amrit to Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. When Bhai Daya Singh Ji asked what the Guru would offer in return for the boon of Amrit, Guru Gobind Singh Ji replied that He would sacrifice everything he had in return for the amrit.Bhai Daya Singh Ji accompanied Guru Gobind Singh Ji til Sachkhand Sri Hazoor Sahib where he breathed his last. Bhai Daya Singh Ji founded the Nirmala Samprada of Sikhs.He was later succeeded by Bhai Baba Sobha Singh Ji, Baba Sahib Singh Ji Bedi, Baba Bhag Singh Ji, Baba Bir Singh Ji Naurangabad, Baba Khuda Singh Ji, Baba Maharaj Singh Ji, Baba Ram Singh Ji, Baba Karam Singh Ji Hoti mardan wale,Baba Aiya Singh Ji, Baba Majha Singh Ji.Hoti Mardan, Makssoodpur district Kapoorthla was allotted instead of Hoti Mardan.At this place Sant Majha Singh Ji together with other sadhus chose to stay here.Today, Sant Roshan Singh Ji is the present Sant to succeeed Sant Baba Karam Singh Ji Hoti Mardan wale.Several saints who trace back their lineage to Sant Baba Karam Singh Ji include Sant Harnam Singh Ji Jian wale, Sant Hari Singh Ji Kaharpuri, Sant Bishan Singh Ji choota Nangal, Sant Basant Singh Ji Johala wale, Sant Hari Singh Ji Anandpur Sahib wale, Sant Dalel Singh Ji virakat, Sabnt Chanan Singh Ji granthi jian and many ther saints.Sant Natha Singh Ji amritsar chowk, Mana Singh ji gali sat gadhia wali,sri maan sant baba natha singh ji butala district Amritsar.
  11. ਸਲੋਕ ॥ ਰਸਨਾ ਉਚਰੰਤਿ ਨਾਮੰ ਸ੍ਵਣੰ ਸੁਨµਤਿ ਸਬਦ ਅੰਮਿ੍ਤਹ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਤਿਨ ਸਦ ਬਲਿਹਾਰੰ ਜਿਨਾ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਹਮਣਹ ॥੧॥ ਹਭਿ ਕੂੜਾਵੇ ਕੰਮ ਇਕਸੁ ਸਾਈ ਬਾਹਰੇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੇਈ ਧੰਨੁ ਜਿਨਾ ਪਿਰਹੜੀ ਸਚ ਸਿਉ ॥੨॥ ਪਉੜੀ ॥ ਸਦ ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਤਿਨਾ ਜਿ ਸੁਨਤੇ ਹਰਿ ਕਥਾ ॥ ਪੂਰੇ ਤੇ ਪਰਧਾਨ ਨਿਵਾਵਹਿ ਪ੍ਭ ਮਥਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਜਸੁ ਲਿਖਹਿ ਬੇਅੰਤ ਸੋਹਹਿ ਸੇ ਹਥਾ ॥ ਚਰਨ ਪੁਨੀਤ ਪਵਿਤ੍ ਚਾਲਹਿ ਪ੍ਭ ਪਥਾ ॥ ਸੰਤਾਂ ਸੰਗਿ ਉਧਾਰੁ ਸਗਲਾ ਦੁਖੁ ਲਥਾ ॥੧੪॥ English Translation: SHALOK: With my tongue, I chant the Lord's Name; with my ears, I listen to the Ambrosial Word of His Shabad. Nanak is forever a sacrifice to those who meditate on the Supreme Lord God. || 1 || All concerns are false, except those of the One Lord. O Nanak, blessed are those, who are in love with their True Lord. || 2 || PAUREE: I am forever a sacrifice to those who listen to the sermon of the Lord. Those who bow their heads before God are perfect and distinguished. Those hands, which write the Praises of the infinite Lord are beautiful. Those feet which walk on God's Path are pure and holy. In the Society of the Saints, they are emancipated; all their sorrows depart. || 14 ||
  12. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, sixth Guru of the Sikhs Bhai Gurdas Ji, a great scholar of the Sikh Faith praises Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in one of his vaars: "The Five Gurus, namely, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amardass Ji, Guru Ramdass Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji, were full of truth, contentment, compassion, righteousness and patience. The sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was a Great Guru. Guru Arjan Dev Ji passed on his light into the body of Hargobind Ji and thus the dynasty of the Sodhis flourished. The Great warrior Guru became the punisher of the tyrants and was both fearless and benevolent." Varan Bhai Gurdass Ji. Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs was born to Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Mata Ganga Ji on 19th June 1595 at Guru Ki Vadali, Sri Amritsar. The holy congregation thanked the almighty God for his benevolent gift. When the apostle of peace, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred on 30th May 1606 at Lahore , Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji succeeded his father and became the sixth spiritual master of the Sikhs. Before Guru Arjan Dev Ji left for martyrdom, He instructed Guru Hargobind Ji thus ," Protection of the faith now lay in the wearing of arms until the tyrant is completely uprooted". Baba Buddha Ji adorned Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji with two swords, one representing spiritualism and the other representing temporal authority.Guru Sahib thus combined saintliness with the concept of a warrior and hence the concept of a saint soldier was introduced to the Sikh faith. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji adorned himself in the clothing of a saint warrior. After Guru Hargobind Jis ascension to the throne of Guru Nanak, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji requested that sikh devotees presented good weapons together with a willingness to sacrofice their lives for the cause of the Guru. Guru Ji encouraged wrestling, fencing, hunting of wild animals, horse riding amongst the Sikhs. Guru Ji stressed that exhibiting weakness was a sin. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji got constructed a throne of the timeless God,Akal purakh opposite the Sri Harimandar Sahib, Sri Amritsar and this was named the Akal Takhat or throne of immortality. The construction of the Akal Takhat was a direct challenge to the tyrannic mughal authorities of Delhi. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji would sit on the Akal Takhat and administer justice to the common people.Thus Guru Ji becme popularly known as the True King or Sacha Paatshaah.. Guru Ji addressed many hukamnamas to his devottees from the Akal Takhat. Guru Ji wrote vaars or ballads of heroic praise to be accompanied by the dhadh and saranghi. Guru Ji employed two muslim bards Natha And Abdullah to sing heroic bards whilst standing at the entrance to the Akal Takhat in order to infuse heroic spirit into the Sikh congregations. A brief history of the Nihung Sikhs Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was married at Baba Bakala, district Amritsar. Guru Ji had vast amounts of land here. A gurdwara and baoli stand here in memory of Guru Ji. Nishaans or flags of Guru Ji together with a dhaounsas or battledrums are still present here today..Guru Ji gave jhandian and pattas of this land to the Taruna Dal.14 kile land was given to the Nihang Sikhs. Whoever gets blessed vision of the deeds document is said to be protected by shaheedi pehra and all other wishes are fulfilled.The headquarters of the Taruna Dal is based at Baba Bakala JI. The first Jathedar of Taruna Dal was Brahmgiani Baba Gurmukh Singh Ji based at Guru Hargobind Sahib Gurdwara, Baba Bakala.He was succeeded by Brahmgiani Baba Sadhu Singh Taruna Dal, then by Brahmgiani Baba Bishan Singh Ji Taruna Dal.Baba Bishan Singh Ji did seva for 65 years whilst Baba Kahan Singh ji was the vice Jathedar. He was followed by Baba Keerat Singh Ji and now the current jathedar is Brahmgiani Baba Makhan Singh Ji. Jathedar Baba Kahan Singh Ji purchased in exchange for cash some land for the Buddha and Taruna Dal at Sri Anandpur Sahib from the Sodhis.On Hola Mahalla both the Buddha and Taruna Dal stay here. They camp here for about 4 days whilst they hold Amrit Saanchaars, sword fighting exhibitions, wrestling matches, spear fighting exhibitions whilst also fulfilling the wishes of the devotees. The Nihung Sikhs also run Guru Ka Langar or common kitchen here. Baba Bakala(district Amritsar) is the headquarters of the Nihung Sikhs and is run by them. They have constructed a sarovar for bathing here. A gurdwara has also been built. Mata Ganga Ji, the mother of the sixth Guru, left for heavenly abode at Shish Mal and She is said to have departed with her physical form. Everyone is welcome to visit and devotees are baptised with amrit by the Jathedar.The Nihungs live by a strict code of discipline as ordained by the tenth King, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The Jathedar and nihung Sikhs are celibate. Women are not allowed into the langar, nor are they allowed to read from Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
  13. ਟੋਡੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥ ਨਿੰਦਕੁ ਗੁਰ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਤੇ ਹਾਟਿਓ ॥ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਹਮ ਪ੍ਭ ਭਏੇ ਦਇਆਲਾ ਸਿਵ ਕੈ ਬਾਣਿ ਸਿਰੁ ਕਾਟਿਓ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਕਾਲੁ ਜਾਲੁ ਜਮੁ ਜੋਹਿ ਨ ਸਾਕੈ ਸਚ ਕਾ ਪੰਥਾ ਥਾਟਿਓ ॥ ਖਾਤ ਖਰਚਤ ਕਿਛੁ ਨਿਖੁਟਤ ਨਾਹੀ ਰਾਮ ਰਤਨੁ ਧਨੁ ਖਾਟਿਓ ॥੧॥ ਭਸਮਾ ਭੂਤ ਹੋਆ ਖਿਨ ਭੀਤਰਿ ਅਪਨਾ ਕੀਆ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ ਆਗਮ ਨਿਗਮੁ ਕਹੈ ਜਨੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਸਭੁ ਦੇਖੈ ਲੋਕੁ ਸਬਾਇਆ ॥੨॥੬॥੧੧॥ English Translation: TODEE, FIFTH MEHL: The slanderer, by Guru's Grace, has been turned away. The Supreme Lord God has become merciful; with Shiva's arrow, He shot his head off.||1|| Pause || Death, and the noose of death, cannot see me; I have adopted the Path of Truth. I have earned the wealth, the jewel of the Lord's Name; eating and spending, it is never used up. || 1 || In an instant, the slanderer was reduced to ashes; he received the rewards of his own actions. Servant Nanak speaks the truth of the scriptures; the whole world is witness to it. ||2 ||6||11||
  14. ਧਨਾਸਰੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕੇ ਚਰਨ ਜੀਅ ਕਾ ਨਿਸਤਾਰਾ ॥ ਸਮੁੰਦੁ ਸਾਗਰੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਖਿਨ ਮਹਿ ਤਾਰਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਕੋਈ ਹੋਆ ਕ੍ਮ ਰਤੁ ਕੋਈ ਤੀਰਥ ਨਾਇਆ ॥ ਦਾਸੰØੀ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇਆ ॥੧॥ ਬੰਧਨ ਕਾਟਨਹਾਰੁ ਸੁਆਮੀ ॥ ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਸਿਮਰੈ ਅੰਤਰਜਾਮੀ ॥੨॥੩॥੫੭॥
  15. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's previous incarnation as described in his autobiography, Bachittar Natak Granth Guru Gobind Singh Ji is the worlds only spiritual leader to have penned his autobiography pre-incarnation. He mentions in his composition Bachittar Natak an account of his previous birth.Bachittar Natak translates to Wonderful Drama , is included in his selection of writings which form the second most sacred scripture of the Sikhs, the Dasam Guru Granth Sahib Ji after the Adi Granth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji penned the Bachittar Natak on the banks of the Yamuna at Sri Paonta Sahib in 1698AD. “Whoever listens or reads the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh Ji will surely go to the house of the Almighty Lord.” (Baba Ranjit Singh Ji of Dudley) Guru Gobind singh Ji was merely 33 years of age when he formed the Khalsa Brotherhood..Guru Ji gives such vivid descriptions of the sacred place where he meditated in his previous incarnation. Guru Ji describes that He meditated on Hemkunt Parbat which is desribed to be surrounded by seven snow capped peaks. Through long penance Guru Sahib Ji became one with God . Guru Sahib Ji was absorbed in deep mediatation when Akal Purakh approached Guru Ji to take physical birth on this earth. Guru Sahib Ji was hesitant to leave this blissful mediatative state but nevetheless Guru Sahib Ji obeyed the command of the Lord Almighty. The Supreme Lord insisted that Guru Sahib Ji took physical birth on this earth to uproot evil and to promulgate dharma. Guru Gobind Singh Ji with bowed head and folded hands accepted the hukam of Waheguru and took physical birth at Patna Sahib on 22nd December 1622. Today Gurdwara Takhat Sri Harimandir Sahib , Patna stands in memory of Guru Ji. Guru Gobind Singh Ji narrates in his own words and hence known as sri mukhwak or from the mouth of the tenth Guru: Akal Purakh told Guru Ji that He had previously created demons but they had become too egoistic as they possessed great bodily strength and spiritual powers. They began to misuse their spiritual powers but forgot the very source of their existence. Akal Purakh destroyed the demons and created the demi-gods. The demi-gods,too, became very proud of their spiritual powers which the Lord God had bestowed upon them and hence forgot the Lord Almighty.Instead, they advocated their own worship. Lord Shiva a advocated himself as the great god Mahadev. Then God created beings that would advocate worship of the supreme almighty god and not themselves. But soon they also ignored worship of the Supreme Being but instead advocated worship of themselves. Soon people began to worship elements which had an iota of energy. These included elements like the Sun, Moon, Fire, Water,Mountains, Universe and Caste Hierarchy. Then the Supreme Being created humans. They too forgot the lord.God created the Sidhs and Sadhus. However, they too did not realise the Supreme being. Soon, enmity, ego and envity soon flourished. The burning fire of ego began to engulf the world. This can be compared to animals fighting in the jungle and hence destroying each other.. Some beings created their own kingdoms and established their own rules.The sages created their own distinctive religious traditions and these all fogot to realise the Supreme Being.Various religious practices, cultural traditions and superstitions prevailed. Then God created the Prophet of Arabia, Muhammed. He formed a distinct Islamic way of life. He was followed by Gorakh, Ramanand. They too did not forsake the old ways. Finally, Akal Purakh Waheguru sent Guru Gobind Singh Ji to propagate the wroship of the Supreme Being alone who is the sole creator and destroyer of the universe. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was asked to spread righteousness and to uproot evil and wicked individuals. Guru Ji describes, “ How God brought me into the world when I was performing penance on the mountain of Hemkunt .God ordered me to move into the world as his cherished son to extend his religion by upholding the saints and destroying the wicked. Guru Ji out out of his humility replied that He would only do as God wished and that He has no enmity with any faith whatsoever.However, anyone who adores Guru Gobind Singh Ji will fall into the raging fires of Hell immediately.Guru Ji in his bani addresses himself as the humble devotee of God.Guru Ji promises to utter only what the Lord God wishes him too and will not hesitate from speaking the truth irrespective of Public opinion.Guru Ji adds that He does not fear anyone. Nor does He have any greed.. Guru Ji utters that He was born into this world to promulgate righteousness and for upholding the honour of holy men and much for the destruction of the wicked. Righteousness was nowhere to be found.Empty religious rituals and traditions, islamic law, Gorakh and Muhammeds taught way of life was the way of the world. None realised the Supreme pervading Being.Guru Gobind Singh Ji propagated a new way of life which emphasised worship of God alone and formed a nation of the Pure or Khals a brotherhood. The Khalsa belonged to Waheguru directly, hence Waheguru JI ka Khalsa and victory belonged to Waheguru Ji, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh.. Guru Gobind Singh Ji merged his light into the Khalsa and hence became disciple and Guru in one. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji exhibibited great bravery skillship of the sword at the battle of Kartarpur. ਤੇ ਭੁਜ ਬਲ ਬਵਰੇ ਹ੍ਵੈ ਗਏ ॥ ਪੂਜਤ ਪਰਮ ਪੁਰਖ ਰਹਿ ਗਏ ॥੬॥ ते भुज बल बवरे ह्वै गए ॥ पूजत परम पुरख रहि गए ॥६॥ Who became mad with power and abandoned the worship of Supreme Purusha.6. ਤੇ ਹਮ ਤਮਕਿ ਤਨਕ ਮੋ ਖਾਪੇ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕੀ ਠਉਰ ਦੇਵਤਾ ਥਾਪੇ ॥ ते हम तमकि तनक मो खापे ॥ तिन की ठउर देवता थापे ॥ I destroyed them in no time and created gods in their place. ਤੇ ਭੀ ਬਲਿ ਪੂਜਾ ਉਰਝਾਏ ॥ ਆਪਨ ਹੀ ਪਰਮੇਸੁਰ ਕਹਾਏ ॥੭॥ ते भी बलि पूजा उरझाए ॥ आपन ही परमेसुर कहाए ॥७॥ They were also absorbed in the worship of power and called themselves Ominipotednt.7. ਮਹਾਦੇਵ ਅਚੁੱਤ ਕਹਾਯੋ ॥ ਬਿਸਨ ਆਪ ਹੀ ਕੋ ਠਹਿਰਾਯੋ ॥ महादेव अचु्त कहायो ॥ बिसन आप ही को ठहिरायो ॥ Mahadeo (Shiva) was called Achyuta (blotless), Vishnu considered himself the Supreme. ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾ ਆਪ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਬਖਾਨਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੋ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਨ ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਜਾਨਾ ॥੮॥ ब्रहमा आप पारब्रहम बखाना ॥ प्रभ को प्रभू न किनहूं जाना ॥८॥ Brahma called himself Para Brahman, none could comprehend the Lord.8. ਤਬ ਸਾਖੀ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਅਸਟ ਬਨਾਏ ॥ ਸਾਖ ਨਮਿਤ ਦੇਬੇ ਠਹਿਰਾਏ ॥ तब साखी प्रभ असट बनाए ॥ साख नमित देबे ठहिराए ॥ Then I created eight Sakshis in order to give evidence of my Entity. ਤੇ ਕਹੈ ਕਰੋ ਹਮਾਰੀ ਪੂਜਾ ॥ ਹਮ ਬਿਨ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਦੂਜਾ ॥੯॥ ते कहै करो हमारी पूजा ॥ हम बिन अवरु न ठाकुरु दूजा ॥९॥ But they considered themselves all in all and aasked the people to worship them.9. ਪਰਮ ਤਤ ਕੋ ਜਿਨ ਨ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕਰਿ ਈਸਰ ਤਿਨ ਕਹੁ ਮਾਨਾ ॥ परम तत को जिन न पछाना ॥ तिन करि ईसर तिन कहु माना ॥ Those who did not comprehend the Lord, they were considered as Ishvara. ਕੇਤੇ ਸੂਰ ਚੰਦ ਕਹੁ ਮਾਨੈ ॥ ਅਗਨਿ ਹੋਤ੍ਰ ਕਈ ਪਵਨ ਪ੍ਰਮਾਨੈ ॥੧੦॥ केते सूर चंद कहु मानै ॥ अगनि होत्र कई पवन प्रमानै ॥१०॥ Several people worshipped the sun and the moon and several others worshipped Fire and Ait.10. ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਪਾਹਨ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਨ੍ਹਾਤ ਕਿਤੇ ਜਲ ਕਰਤ ਬਿਧਾਨਾ ॥ किनहूं प्रभु पाहन पहिचाना ॥ न्हात किते जल करत बिधाना ॥ Several them considered God as stone and several others bathed considering the Lordship of Water. ਕੇਤਕ ਕਰਮ ਕਰਤ ਡਰਪਾਨਾ ॥ ਧਰਮ ਰਾਜ ਕੋ ਧਰਮ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੧੧॥ केतक करम करत डरपाना ॥ धरम राज को धरम पछाना ॥११॥ Considering Dharmaraja as the Supreme representative of Dharma, several bore fear of him in their actions. 11. ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਸਾਖ ਨਮਿਤ ਠਹਿਰਾਏ ॥ ਤੇ ਹਿਆਂ ਆਇ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਕਹਵਾਏ ॥ जो प्रभ साख नमित ठहिराए ॥ ते हिआं आइ प्रभू कहवाए ॥ All those whom God established for the revelation of His Supremacy, they themselves were called Supreme. ਤਾ ਕੀ ਬਾਤ ਬਿਸਰ ਜਾਤੀ ਭੀ ॥ ਅਪਨੀ ਅਪਨੀ ਪਰਤ ਸੋਭ ਭੀ ॥੧੨॥ ता की बात बिसर जाती भी ॥ अपनी अपनी परत सोभ भी ॥१२॥ They forgot the Lord in their race for supremacy. 12 ਜਬ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੋ ਨ ਤਿਨੈ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਤਬ ਹਰਿ ਇਨ ਮਨੁਛਨ ਠਹਿਰਾਨਾ ॥ जब प्रभ को न तिनै पहिचाना ॥ तब हरि इन मनुछन ठहिराना ॥ When they did not comprehend the Lord, then I established human beings in their place. That Guru Ji exclaimed that his younger son Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji should no longer be called Tiag Mal or renunciate but Tegh Bahadhur or brave wielder of the Sword.Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji left for heavenly abode on February 1644, Sunday.Mata Nanki Ji requested Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji to bestow his blessings upon Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji.Guru Sahib Ji gave Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji a handkerchief , a sacred volume of psalms, and a short dagger.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji constantly meditated upon Gods Name and refrained from indulging in worldy pleasures,Guru Ji was able to extend the handkerchief to a large protector sheet which protected the whole of Hindustan from the terrible wrath of the Moghuls. And hence Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji came to be known as the protector of Hind or Hind Ki Chadar.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was able to extend the short sword presented to him by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji through his perseverance and acceptance of Gods will into a long sword that eventually led to the fall of the Mughal empire in India.Guru Har Rai,7th Guru of the Sikhs remained as Guru for 17 years.. In 1658, Emperor Aurangzeb murdered his brothers Dara, Murad and Sujah in order to acceed to the throne.Auranzeb ordered a new self-bigoted religious policy. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's elder brother Prithi Chand was very envious of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji . Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji therefore decided to settle down in a new town.Guru Ji chose to settle in the mountainous region known as Makhowal.Makhowal was surrounded by three rivers ,namely Satluj, Sirsa and Charan Ganga. Guru Ji made his way towards Bilaspur. On his journey to Bilaspur, Guru Ji heard of te death of Tara Chand at Kiratpur.AT Bilaspur, the widow of Tara Chand offered Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji three nagars: Meeapur, Lodhipur, Sahotah nagar and the surrounding land but Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji offered money for their purchase..Guru Ji made use of statsmanship and judgement to plan ahead for the future.Guru Ji established a new town and named it Chak Mata Nanaki. Guru Ji kept carefully all the documents for the su of 2200 rupees in return for the purchase of Makhowal,Mator and Lodhipur.Two Pathans called Mato and and Makh founded these two villages.Theses pathans had been considered to be demoons because they were cruel and unfair to the villagers. Guru Tegh Bahadhur JI founded the new town chak Mata Nanki on 21 Harrh 1722/June 1665 AD.GUru Sahib Ji asked the grandson of the revered Sikh Baba Buddha Ji, Baba Gurditta Ji,to lay the foundation stone of the New City.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji named the new town Mata Chakk Nanaki after his mother Mata Nanki JI.Later, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji found out that there was trouble in the East. The bigoted and cruel Emperor Aurangzeb was executing his wrath on the people of Agra, Mathura, Prayag and Benaras and Ayodhya.. Aurangzeb had created many atrocities on his people. At once Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji accompanied by Mata Gujri Ji left for the East.GUru Tegh Bahadhur Ji considered it unsafe for Mata Gujri to be left alona at Sri Anadpur Sahib.When Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji reahed Allahabad, it had been nearly 27 years since Guru Ji's marriage and still Guru Ji was issueless. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji and Mata Gujri Ji spent their days in mediatation and penance for a revered Godly=son.Guru Gobind Singh Ji narrates in his Bani Bachittar Natak how his mother and father spent their days in meditation and that the Supreme Lord God was pleased with the devotion of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji.Akal Purakh Ji granted their wish and Guru Gobind Singh Ji's soul entered Mata Gujris womb at Allahabad, the exact spot where the great rivers meet.. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji travelled from Allahabad, Banaras, Goya, via Karam Nas Nadi and finally reached Patna.On reaching Patna, the rainy season arrived and te humidity had just subsided. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji further strengthened and reorganised the divine mission of Guru Nanak.InOn 19th August 16666, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji received news Shiva Jee Maratha and Ram Singh's son ha escaped.Urangzeb held Ram Singh responsible and wanted to reprimand him.He was sentencedto a concentration camp in Assam. It was reknown that whoever went to the camp never returned alive. Raja Ram Singh met with Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji in February 1669 at Dhaka.Guru Tegh Bahadhur had arrived in Dhaka on 1666 October..On his way to Patna, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji addressed a Hukamnama to the congregation of Patna.It is evident from Guru Sahibs Hukamnama that Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was concerned about the health of of Mata Gujri Ji.Guru Tegh Bahadhur jI was in Dhaka when Bhai Mehar Chand Jiand Bhai Kalyan Chand Ji informed him that a child Guru was born to him on the 7th day of Pogh 1723/22 December 1666. On the arrival of the news of the birth of his son, Gobind Das,at Patna. Guru Tegh Bahadhur sent a hukamnama to the sangat of Patna.Guru Tegh Bahadhur sent a hukamnama to the sangat of Patna and read as follows “Whoever has spent money on the auspicious birth of Gobind Das will have their wishes fulfilled by God.They shall also receive a place in the court of God. Money spent has earned you respect in the court of God.All your selfless service shall be rewarded.Those who serve Gobind Das in the future will be blessed. Everybody's business and jobs will flouriash.Guru Tegh Bahadhur senta robe of honour them.Patna is the home of the Guru. This was followed by asecond hukamnama which read, “ The sangat that has served the child Gobind Das will be rewarded in the court of the Guru.The sangat is truly blessed”. Guru Tegh Bahadhur returned to the Punjab in 1670 after staying with Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Patna for a few days. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji thought that it would be wise to leave his family in Pa5tna. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji returned to Anadpur Sahib and made provisions for its compltion. The child Guru, Gobind Das stayed in Patna for 6 days.Patna used to be in the state of Bangal. Bihar was also part of Bengal. The Nawab of Patna was Rahim Bakhsh. Patna began to be well known since the time3 of Asoka. Patna being in close proximity to Nauloda meant that it too became an important centre of learning. Mahatma Buddha on his way to Rajgeal halted at Patna and prophecised that as a result of the citizens quarelling over fire, water and other natural resources personal jealousy would lead to the destruction of Patna and consequently Patna would have to be rebuilt.This happening would recurr. The city ofPatna was razed to the ground several times but flourished many times and this is why Patna is known by several differentnamessuch as; Pali, Yothra, Pushppur, Kusmur, Kusaniwah, Moreea NagarPatta and Patliputar.Guru Gobind Singh Ji took Physical birth at the city of Patna in December 1666. Guru Gobind Singh Ji rites in his penned bani that he took birth in the city of Patna.The city of Patna was commonly known as Patna at the time of Guru Ji's birth. Towards the end of the the 16th century, an European writer Melanie Rolf has written that the stars at dusk twicker in the sity of Patna and the people of Patliputtar like the white flowers of the patil plant bloom too.The teeming bazaars of Patna stock quality gold, silver and kitchenware.Patna can be likened to heaven or the land of the Gods.Exactly 80 years later, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, emperor of emperors, took birth atr Patna Sahib.Guru Gobind Singh Ji was entrusted with the responsibilty to make this world heaven.traditionally, the seventh of Poh is the birtday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Poh literally means to touch.Guru Ji took physical birth so that the poison of maya could not touch this world.Guru Gobind Singh Ji;s maternal uncle Mama Kirpaol Chand Ji took complete care of the chld Guru. Bhai Dayala Ji was responsible for all the aarangements for the care of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Bhai Ram Rai and Bhai Darbari Ji worked day and night to take careof the child and his family. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji mentions other Sikhs who were devoted to the seva of the child Guru in his hukamnamas. Bebe Perhhee Baee kindled the child Guru, Gobind Das. Guru Gobind Singh J mentions another midwife Lado.The child guru was loved by the whole of Patna.Guru Ji's maternal uncle Mama Kirpal Chand often told his Mata Gujri, mother of Guru Ji, that Guru Gobind Singh Ji was truly God incarnate
  17. Dear Sadh Sangat Jio, Please visit the following blogspot , http://santharichara...i.blogspot.com/ where gurmat articles will be updated regularly. Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa;Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh Kookar
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