Rigveda, the oldest scripture of hinduism and its base was written by Aryans in Punjab. Yes , thats where they first settled. If you read its english translation, you would not find of much value in it, except offerings to gods and the infamous "soma" (sounds like some intoxicant to naive reading) and the fire, wind, this that. Despite the grandiose "VEDA" word, rigveda is mostly metaphorical poetry of forces of nature . Its understandable considering 4 thousand yrs ago, man was at mercy of nature.
I have a friend who is quite well read on rigveda and he ridicules modern day hinduism and puranas. See this is what happens. And we say differences in our community are that bad lol. Puranas are just story to convey a point .
Upanishads is the conclusion of vedas and there are 108 of them. Coincidence that malas has 108 beads ?
Why do none of us know vedic sanskrit, when our gurus were learnt in them , because baani has lot of sanskrit or sanskrit derived words.
Umm this is tricky. Are you suggesting you got your answers from those scriptures and didn't find them in SGGS , Sri dasam granth and bhai gurdas vaaran ?
You have to look at recent sikh history (last 100 yrs) . Sikhi was almost about to be usurped by (you know who) . To maintain its identity, the psyche has poured into english translations as well.
There are still a lot of unanswered questions however , incase anyone here can answer :
1) Why do we not read smaller matras in baani . for eg :
ਸਿਮਰਉ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਵਉ ॥
is read as "simrau simar simar sukh pavau" , why not as "simrau simari simari sukhu pavau"
please don't tell me the aunkad means singular . doesn't make sense.
2) there are a lot of words in baani, whose descent from its original form of sanskrit , prakrit, faarsi, we don't know of .
For instance "aarja" in japji sahib is translated as "lifespan" , but we don't know whch language is this .
if you extrapolate the fact that 'y' tends to become 'j' in gurbani language (karya: kaaraj) , just as 'ksh' becomes 'kh' or 'chh' (nakshatra : nakhatar/nachhatar)
if you deduce 'aarja' same way , you get 'aarya' (now this is a sanskrit word for 'respect' , but doesn't make sense in this context)