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Were Sikhs Getting Khalistan In 1947?


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So its clear that this so called offer of an independent state made to the Sikhs is based on speculations.

Maybe in your eyes bro.

i am going to type an exerpt fro a secret letter between 2 ministers at the time of partition, both british. It is from SE Abott to GEB Abell, dated 31.3.47.

In this letter, Abott has written about the 3 communities in panjab, and what they are thinking.

Here are three lines pertaining to each community:

1. The Muslims are still intent on Pakistan, which they are unable to explain or define...

2. The Sikhs want a state of their own. The latest plans are for it to include Jalandhar and Ambala division, Gurdaspur Dist, and part of Amritsar Dist. This state would not really be a Sikh state as it would still leave Sikhs as a minority. The SIkhs may regard this plan as a stage in the acheivement of their general design.

3. The hindus would accept anything sanctioned by Congress, and/or anything likely to annoy the Muslims.

Now you can clearly see from this document that the Sikhs definitly had ideas about their own state, and had made progress in formulating a map of where this Sikh state was to be. The major stumbling block for the SIkhs was that our overall percentage of population was poor compared to muslims and hindus.

But your claim that no state was offered by the british, or desired or claimed by the Sikhs is false.

Quote"Alas, it was not meant for Khalsa to have a country given to them. Surely, one day we will have it. "

Absolutely. The sooner the better.

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Sorry I forgot to mention in 1947 there was a claim for Sikhistan not Khalistan. The term Khalistan had not been coined then.

In 1944, english author Beverley Nichols wrote a book called 'Verdict On India'. I came across a battered first edition (printed in 1944) in a charity shop in Camden a few years ago.

http://www.archive.org/details/VerdictOnIndia

There are clear references made to "Khalistan" in this book. I will scan the relevent pages when I get home this evening...but it highlights that the terminology "Khalistan" was in use in the 1940s.

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In 1944, english author Beverley Nichols wrote a book called 'Verdict On India'. I came across a battered first edition (printed in 1944) in a charity shop in Camden a few years ago.

http://www.archive.org/details/VerdictOnIndia

There are clear references made to "Khalistan" in this book. I will scan the relevent pages when I get home this evening...but it highlights that the terminology "Khalistan" was in use in the 1940s.

Found one reference. See link below.

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=LqkuYUv4Ls4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=verdict+on+India&source=bl&ots=Igo841mHl1&sig=sbXiX4q1BP3SDdd9pHNkvm75ewM&hl=en&ei=b51uTOOQE4WUjAe18eH7CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

Refer to Page 15, 3 paragraph down.

Quote from book 'If you grant Pakistan,' they cry, ' we shall set up a separate Sikh State of our own. We shall call it Khalistan, and we shall defend it to death.'

post-1686-128231830039_thumb.jpg

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yes indeed separate sikh independent sikh state was offered by the britishers to the sikh leaders...though we may never be able to know whether it was a true offer for sikhs welfare or just to dissociate sikhs from congress and hindus or for some other british interests...it is because the offers were never put on the papers due to lack of interest by sikh leaders...Kindly have a look at the following notes---

1) In the year 1932, at the time of the second Round Table Conference, the British Government through Sardar Bahadur Shivdev Singh, then a member of the Indian Secretary of State's Council, made an informal proposal to the Sikhs that if they dissociate finally with the Congress movement, they would be given such a decisive political weightage in Punjab, as would lead to their emerging a third independent element in India and the British transfer power to inhabitants of this subcontinent. Master Tara Singh promptly rejected the tempting offer.

2) In the early winter of 1946, Cabinet Mission, while at Delhi communicated to the Sikhs through the Sardar Baldev Singh that if the Sikhs determined not to part company with India, the British Parliament, in their solicitude for the Sikh people, prepared to so frame the Independence Act of India, that in respect of the Sikh Homeland, wherever these areas might eventually go, in Pakistan or India, no Constitution shall be formed such as does not have the concurrence of the Sikhs. But Sardar Baldev Singh, in consultation with the Congress leaders, summarily rejected this offer, which went even beyond assurances given by the majority community in 1929 and in 1946 by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in Calcutta.

3) In April 1947, Mr. Jinnah, in consultation with certain most powerful leaders of the British Cabinet in London, offered to the Sikhs, first through Master Tara Singh and then through the Maharaja of Patiala, a sovereign Sikh state comprising areas lying in the west of Panipat and east of the left bank of the Ravi river on the understanding that this State then confederates with Pakistan on very advantageous terms to the Sikhs. But Master Tara Singh summarily rejected this attractive offer. The Maharaja of Patiala declined to accept it in consultation with Sardar Patel and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru.

4) In the month of May, 1947, precisely on the 17th May, Lord Mountbatten, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, Nawab Liaqat Ali Khan and Sardar Baldev Singh, flew to London on the invitation of the British Cabinet, in search of final solution of the Indian communal problem. When the Congress and the Muslim League failed to strike any mutual understanding and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru decided to return to India, the British Cabinet leaders conveyed to Sardar Baldev Singh that if he stays behind, arrangements might be made: "So as to enable the Sikhs to have political feet of their own on which they may walk into the current of World History." Sardar Baldev Singh promtly divulged the contents of this confidential offer to Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and in compliance with the latter's wishes, declined to stay back and flew back to India after giving the following brave message to the Press: "The Sikhs have no demands to make on the British except the demand that they should quit India. Whatever political rights and aspirations the Sikhs have, they shall have them satisfied through the goodwil of the Congress and the majority community."

The British leaders had asked Sardar Baldev Singh to stay behind because the wanted to propose to him that if Sikhs were not ready to enter into the agreement with Muslims, then the Sikhs could be given an independent state which extended from Panipat to Nanakana Sahib with extended excess upto the seashore. The Britishers were ready to station 25,000 British troops and war equipment for ten years and provide help in the administration provided the Sikhs agreed to provide 50,000 soldiers be stationed at Singapore and other colonies to help the Britishers for the next ten years. After ten years the agreement could be reconsidered. Through this agreement the administration and defence of independent Khalistan would have been ensured and there would have been no need to enter into an agreement with either India or Pakistan for the purposes of their administration and defence. Even Muslim League had agreed this proposal because it would give then strong buffer state between Pakistan and India. It was also in the interest British empire as they would still have their feet in this sub-continent. But was unfortunate that there was no leader among the Sikhs with political vision foresight who could see the benefits such an arrangement and demand independent Homeland for the Sikhs.

Sirdar Kapur Singh has also mentioned the same points in his speech in indian parliament on 6th september 1966...coupled with the betrayl of the congress leadership...hence it is totally a wrong thing to rule out the possibility of a separate sikh state being offered to the sikhs...however as i said earlier it is not possible to find how much substane these offers carried as sikh leaders rejected these at the very first stage and were never put on the papers...!

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yes indeed separate sikh independent sikh state was offered by the britishers to the sikh leaders...though we may never be able to know whether it was a true offer for sikhs welfare or just to dissociate sikhs from congress and hindus or for some other british interests...it is because the offers were never put on the papers due to lack of interest by sikh leaders...Kindly have a look at the following notes---

1) In the year 1932, at the time of the second Round Table Conference, the British Government through Sardar Bahadur Shivdev Singh, then a member of the Indian Secretary of State's Council, made an informal proposal to the Sikhs that if they dissociate finally with the Congress movement, they would be given such a decisive political weightage in Punjab, as would lead to their emerging a third independent element in India and the British transfer power to inhabitants of this subcontinent. Master Tara Singh promptly rejected the tempting offer.

2) In the early winter of 1946, Cabinet Mission, while at Delhi communicated to the Sikhs through the Sardar Baldev Singh that if the Sikhs determined not to part company with India, the British Parliament, in their solicitude for the Sikh people, prepared to so frame the Independence Act of India, that in respect of the Sikh Homeland, wherever these areas might eventually go, in Pakistan or India, no Constitution shall be formed such as does not have the concurrence of the Sikhs. But Sardar Baldev Singh, in consultation with the Congress leaders, summarily rejected this offer, which went even beyond assurances given by the majority community in 1929 and in 1946 by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in Calcutta.

3) In April 1947, Mr. Jinnah, in consultation with certain most powerful leaders of the British Cabinet in London, offered to the Sikhs, first through Master Tara Singh and then through the Maharaja of Patiala, a sovereign Sikh state comprising areas lying in the west of Panipat and east of the left bank of the Ravi river on the understanding that this State then confederates with Pakistan on very advantageous terms to the Sikhs. But Master Tara Singh summarily rejected this attractive offer. The Maharaja of Patiala declined to accept it in consultation with Sardar Patel and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru.

4) In the month of May, 1947, precisely on the 17th May, Lord Mountbatten, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, Nawab Liaqat Ali Khan and Sardar Baldev Singh, flew to London on the invitation of the British Cabinet, in search of final solution of the Indian communal problem. When the Congress and the Muslim League failed to strike any mutual understanding and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru decided to return to India, the British Cabinet leaders conveyed to Sardar Baldev Singh that if he stays behind, arrangements might be made: "So as to enable the Sikhs to have political feet of their own on which they may walk into the current of World History." Sardar Baldev Singh promtly divulged the contents of this confidential offer to Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and in compliance with the latter's wishes, declined to stay back and flew back to India after giving the following brave message to the Press: "The Sikhs have no demands to make on the British except the demand that they should quit India. Whatever political rights and aspirations the Sikhs have, they shall have them satisfied through the goodwil of the Congress and the majority community."

The British leaders had asked Sardar Baldev Singh to stay behind because the wanted to propose to him that if Sikhs were not ready to enter into the agreement with Muslims, then the Sikhs could be given an independent state which extended from Panipat to Nanakana Sahib with extended excess upto the seashore. The Britishers were ready to station 25,000 British troops and war equipment for ten years and provide help in the administration provided the Sikhs agreed to provide 50,000 soldiers be stationed at Singapore and other colonies to help the Britishers for the next ten years. After ten years the agreement could be reconsidered. Through this agreement the administration and defence of independent Khalistan would have been ensured and there would have been no need to enter into an agreement with either India or Pakistan for the purposes of their administration and defence. Even Muslim League had agreed this proposal because it would give then strong buffer state between Pakistan and India. It was also in the interest British empire as they would still have their feet in this sub-continent. But was unfortunate that there was no leader among the Sikhs with political vision foresight who could see the benefits such an arrangement and demand independent Homeland for the Sikhs.

Sirdar Kapur Singh has also mentioned the same points in his speech in indian parliament on 6th september 1966...coupled with the betrayl of the congress leadership...hence it is totally a wrong thing to rule out the possibility of a separate sikh state being offered to the sikhs...however as i said earlier it is not possible to find how much substane these offers carried as sikh leaders rejected these at the very first stage and were never put on the papers...!

Also Winston Churchill sent Stafford Cripps to India in 1942 to get continued Indian support for the war and in return give definite plans for Independence. Winston Churchill admired the Sikhs having served with them on the North West frontier when he was young, he and Leo Amery the Minister for India new the Sikhs were needed for the war and gave them a plan for a seperate homeland. Churchill disliked Nehru and Gandhi who he thought were devious and troublemakers (shame our leaders did not see it). But Baldev Singh told Nehru who talked him out of it , giving vague assurances that they could have their state when joining India. The rest is history as they say, India does not even recognise the Sikhs as the 3rd party at the talks now . The term Khalistan was raised by Dr Bhatti in 1940.

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  • 1 month later...

Its nonsense....British never offered a free state to the Sikhs. There is no record of this.

But as Kapur Singh wrote in his Saachi Saakhi, Muslim League gave a verbal offer to the Sikhs to have a sub nation within Pakistan. And this was never acceptable to the Sikhs, given the history the Sikhs had with Muslim rulers.

Dr. Kirpal Singh, an acclaimed Sikh historian and Head of History Department, Punjab University, who has done thorough research on the Partition of Punjab and has also written a thesis on this subject, also says that there was no such offer to Sikhs. He also says that Muslim League offered a sub state to the Sikhs within Pakistan. That would mean the whole of Punjab would go under Pakistan. The Sikh leaders asked if they have a choice and possibility to come out of this in 10 years if things dont work fine. The Muslim League said, No. The Sikhs asked if they can be given anything in writing on this, and the League didnt agree on this either.

According to him it was wise deicision by the Sikh leadership that they didnt accept Mulsim League's offer of a sub-state.

Rest is history...

Sat Sri Akal Ji,

Please read below link [Courtesy of Dr Santokh Singh]

http://www.panthkhal...aj/raj_1947.php

Striking Part of the article is as below:

In the month of May, 1947, precisely on the 17th May, Lord Mountbatten, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, Nawab Liaqat Ali Khan and Sardar Baldev Singh, flew to London on the invitation of the British Cabinet, in search of final solution of the Indian communal problem. When the Congress and the Muslim League failed to strike any mutual understanding and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru decided to return to India, the British Cabinet leaders conveyed to Sardar Baldev Singh that if he stays behind, arrangements might be made: "So as to enable the Sikhs to have political feet of their own on which they may walk into the current of World History." Sardar Baldev Singh promtly divulged the contents of this confidential offer to Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and in compliance with the latter's wishes, declined to stay back and flew back to India after giving the following brave message to the Press: "The Sikhs have no demands to make on the British except the demand that they should quit India. Whatever political rights and aspirations the Sikhs have, they shall have them satisfied through the goodwil of the Congress and the majority community."

The British leaders had asked Sardar Baldev Singh to stay behind because the wanted to propose to him that if Sikhs were not ready to enter into the agreement with Muslims, then the Sikhs could be given an independent state which extended from Panipat to Nanakana Sahib with extended excess upto the seashore. The Britishers were ready to station 25,000 British troops and war equipment for ten years and provide help in the administration provided the Sikhs agreed to provide 50,000 soldiers be stationed at Singapore and other colonies to help the Britishers for the next ten years. After ten years the agreement could be reconsidered. Through this agreement the administration and defence of independent Khalistan would have been ensured and there would have been no need to enter into an agreement with either India or Pakistan for the purposes of their administration and defence. Even Muslim League had agreed this proposal because it would give then strong buffer state between Pakistan and India. It was also in the interest British empire as they would still have their feet in this sub-continent. But was unfortunate that there was no leader among the Sikhs with political vision foresight who could see the benefits such an arrangement and demand independent Homeland for the Sikhs

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Yes SIkhs were offered a separate state. There are quotes of Gandhi and Nehru promising Sikhs political equality and rights if they joined india. They said something to this extent, "if you're not happy for any reason you will have justification for drawing the sword like Guru Gobind Singh Ji did"

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Moving from here - What lesson should we learn from history?

This might be a small slice/share which we haven't got in the past and we should not worry for ever for that - some big reward for us might be lying in the future - for which we really need take a positive lesson from whatever has happened in the past.

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  • 2 weeks later...

Moving from here - What lesson should we learn from history?

This might be a small slice/share which we haven't got in the past and we should not worry for ever for that - some big reward for us might be lying in the future - for which we really need take a positive lesson from whatever has happened in the past.

Very Nice thought singh saab.

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Very Nice thought singh saab.

yeah, sometimes it the thought that counts isnt it.

The main lesson i learnt from it, is that I cannot trust any of the regimes that rule from Delhi. Otherwise i would be trhe biggest fool on the planet.

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Ok - My Opinion - , what really we should learn is -

Who betrayed Mata Gujri Ji and was responsible for matrydom of Chotte Sahibzade?

Who were responsible for matrydom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji?

Who were responsible for Fall of Sikh Kingdom - Maharaja Ranjit Singh?

Who was responsible for Fall of Mysore Kingdom - Tipu Sultan?

Who were the key people who betrayed Sikhs post 1947?

I would advise at least my young gnerations to be cautious and stay away from these people in case we have to gain the mighty kingdom again and also more importantly sustain these kingdoms (I won't be too open to list any particular races etc. over here).

WJKK WJKF.

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Yes we must learn from our history and use the knowledge gains in our current morcha. The one thing we can learn from this is :

YOU CANT TRUST FREEDOM IF ITS NOT IN YOUR HANDS!!

I say we move towards an independent Socialist Republic on the Punjab Plateau initially taking land from the fascist federation of hindustan and then when we are strong enough reclaim our capital of Lahore and all places which beling to the hands of the Khalsa such as Nankana Sahib and not trust them in the hands of Turaks. The key here is to not only read our own history, but that of other revolutionary people especially the ones who have established an independant free equal socialist state for their people. i.e, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua. We must not aim to completely emulate their economic and agricultural models as they have flaws and are not suited to the fertile lands of Punjab. If we all unite under 1 flag as 1 people no government not even a "superpower" like india or the usa can stop us because we have the greatest superpower: the gift on Naam!

Waheguru Ji ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji ki Fateh!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Police in the Punjab is thus autonomous and no political government including that of Akalis is competent to intervene in their work. Recently P.S.Badal pleaded to the 'police that it should disband its black cats brigade when it was being rumoured that they had indulged into some killings. Like the murder of salesman on the Lawrence Road, Amritsar and the death of an Akali worker near Ludhiana.    BUREAUCRACY AND JUDICIARY ALSO  PLAYED A SUBORDINATE ROLE   Ribeiro gives an account how judiciary had become irrelevant as it couldn't refuse bail to the culprit. But how bureaucracy had become irrelevant, it is some what interesting to note from 'Bullet for Bullet'. It is clearly indicated that even the senior most bureaucrat felt danger from police: the bullet of the police. Ribeiro narrates how a warped mind IAS officer of the rank of secretary wrote to the Chief Secretary.  “I was called by Prafulla Vaishnav and shown a letter written to him [Prafulla] by the same officer. The letter said that he feared for his life as I [Ribeiro] had hatched a plan to kill him. He asked for protection. I was totally amazed that a responsible officer of the rank of a secretary could make such an allegation.”   We may believe Ribeiro that the complainant was a warped mind. but we can't ignore the fact that he was a senior bureaucrat of the rank of a secretary. In no other state of India police was vested with such unlimited powers as in the Punjab. May be we can't  find parallels in the world history.   RIBEIRO KILL ANY NUMBER OF SIKHS BUT DON'T ASK FOR PROSECUTION OF '84 RIOT  CULPRITS - RAJIV GANDHI    Ribeiro writes that during his public contact programme he found that there were basically  two points that troubled the villagers: massacre of Sikhs in Delhi and non release of Jodhpur detainees though there existed some other excuses also like the non implementation o f Rajiv-Longowal Accord, River waters, Chandigarh. Ribeiro claims that he regularly used to bring  these in the notice of Prime Minister. Writes  he;    “The Prime Minister was being advised by various confidants at different times. He was advised by Arjun Singh, Arun Nehru S.K. Fotedar,  Buta Singh,  B.G.Deshmukh,  Mrs Sarla Grewal. The only official who spoke and was heard at routine meetings was M.K.Narayanan the director of the lB. Sarla Grewal from behind the prime ministers shoulders kept making signs to me encouraging me to speak up. I was the only officer these meetings to advocate the prosecution of politicians accused of inciting the mobs to kill the Sikhs in Delhi after Mrs.Gandhi's assassination. At first Rajiv did not react to what I said. Ray advised me not to voice this sentiment again. However I was not to stay silent when convinced that a grave injustice was being done. Because it was I who was fighting a difficult battle to win the hearts of the Sikhs Ray was called away. I took the advantage of Ray's absence to raise the issue of the Delhi riots. Rajiv Gandhi lost his temper. He said that he did not want me to raise this matter again.”   All this shows that these officials and ministers were the people whose conscience was dead . Ribeiro who is now trying to be reasonable and just had little respect for the human values during his tenure as DGP Punjab. It was his tenure when the police invented hair raising brutal tools and ways to torture the suspected Sikhs.   SECRET OF KALE KACHHEWALE UNFOLDED?   The years roughly from 1989 to 1994 saw a lot of harassment of villagers by the night brigades who were conspicuous of their being without any garment except a Punjabi underpants called kachha. The brigade would operate in the night only to commit robberies, rapes and murders. The villagers suspected that they were policemen as at some places they were also caught and identified. So far the police has not admitted their existence. We get an inkling from ‘Bullet for Bullet’ that the Govt .had authorised the police to move around in what it is called the 'civil dress' in the parlance of forces in uniform. Writes Ribeiro;   “It was commonly said in Punjab that the police were in charge of the rural area of during the daytime. At night the terrorists took over since the policemen were themselves reluctant to face the ' terrorists' bullets rn the dark. A solution to this piquant situation was found after much deliberation and thought. The policemen were permitted to patrol at night in plain clothes.”   Punjabis knew  that they never came across any police in plain clothes during night. All check posts were otherwise manned by uniformed  police men. The only conclusion  that can be drawn is that  the 'kale kachhe  brigade' was the policemen in plain clothes.   RIBEIRO WAS NOT IN FAVOUR OF BLACK THUNDER.   Golden Temple, Amirtsar, April 29, 1986-H.S.Bhanwar of daily Ajit gives a graphic account how the declaration of Khalistan was made from Golden Temple precincts. The 'Panthic Panj Memberi Committee' enters the precincts; wearing pants, shirts and their beard tied up. They change their dress to white cholas, round kesri turbans; to look like Bhindranwale, untie their beards to let them flow. Then a declaration believed to have been vetted in  Buta Singh's office is distributed to press reporters. The statement said that the Khalistan has come into being. Delhi is to be the capital of Khalistan where Hindus have the same rights as the Sikhs. After the declaration the committee members change to their original dress and mix up with the crowd and disappear. The Government had earlier tried to get this declaration made by Baba Joginder Singh father of Sant Bhindrawale and latter by Gurdev Singh Kaonke the Akal Takhat head priest on their refusal this 'committee' was imported from USA. The declaration was important as the government wanted to send police in the Golden Temple through the Akali Govt and justify their own Operation Blue star. It was after this declaration the operation Black Thunder -I was carried out as a result of which the position of S.S.Barnala diluted and he ultimately saw his dismissal. Now see what Ribeiro writes about the incidence;   “On April 29 I was camping at Gurdaspur. ln the middle of night I received a message from headquarters that that Arun Singh, Arjun Singh, and Barnala were on their way to Amritsar by special Plane. Accordingly, my wife and I got into our car and drove down to Amritsar, reaching the airport at about 2 am [night] on 30 April. I met the Chief Minister, Arun Singh and Arjun Singh [who had reached].The Chief Minister told me that he had decided to flush out the terrorist from the temple and that I should carry out the operation next night. Arun Singh added that NSG contingent was being flown into Amritsar during the day. I pointed out to them that terrorists had already left the temple after making announcement of Khalistan. l was told that the government was aware of the development but a message had to be delivered to the separatists which was only possible if flushing operation were undertaken. At midnight the operation was launched. Except for the shooting  of man named Gurdev Singh everything went according to plan. Main criticism of this action was that that the police has not been successful in nabbing the wanted terrorists... ....Giani Puran Singh... had helped the Police to persuade Jathedar Gurdev Singh, the terrorist nominee to surrender.”   Black Thunder episode reveals how the  government plays with the Sikh institutions and how the power hungry Sikh politicians (like Barnala) fall a pray to the government. Unfortunately there have been several Barnalas .   ON POLITICAL SOLUTION   “The Jat Sikh farmer felt some sneaking sympathy for the 'boys' as they were called, because they were their co-religionists, belonging to the same community and because in their estimation they were sacrificing everything including their lives, for their cause. Sacrifice is a concept that is very dear to the Sikh psyche. The Sikh masses have been told that the  government was unjust to them...”   “Even though I said that no political solution, other than that of conceding a separate state, would please the terrorists . I must emphasize that the government was duty -bound to provide inputs that would have coaxed the Sikh masses to join the 'fight against the terrorists.. . ... .The terrorists though in a minority, had guns in their hands. They could shoot innocent people and create terror among Hindus and Sikhs who opposed them. They could target Sikh politicians and send them to hibernation. The only person who could meet them on equal terms were the policemen because they were armed. Hence any talk of political solution which could satisfy them was out of question...The message that they wanted to give to the Akali politicians was that they should not accept any compromise that excluded Khalistan....All talk of political solutions, was therefore academic. The Rajiv -Longowal accord was a very reasonable document. That it was not implemented is sad commentary on the politicians at the Centre as well as Punjab and Haryana.”   Ribeiro tells us how the police employed criminals to infiltrate into the ranks of the militants:-   CATS AND DOGS OF POLICE.   “ln normal day-to-day policing the police use informers to identify and locate criminals. The informers are from the underworld. Law-abiding citizens would never tell who the thieves and robbers are, lt was very  disconcerting when even thinking journalists criticise the police enthusiasm for infiltering the terrorist ranks. How else would the police get information about them...This was not easy.. infiltrating of terrorist groups had to be planned very carefully. The terrorists, would liquidate any traitor to their cause. Only most intrepid of men would volunteer for such jobs for the lure of money or other rewards. People with criminal pasts were approached and a few of them agreed to form groups and confront the real militants in their: dens. It was known terrorists used to visit Golden Temple quite frequently. lf they are identified it will not be difficult to nab them...the problem was the police did not know the identity of the boys"   “Though this brings us quite good results in the beginning, it could not be ,sustained because the people we employed were susceptible to inducements. The police did give them financial and logistical support but their demands grew to an extent where it was impossible to satisfy them within our sources. Besides they were very greedy people , with a criminal tendency, who began to prey on law abiding rich citizens on the assumption that the police were indebted to them and so would do nothing to stop them.”  “IF YOU DON'T ARREST ME PEOPLE WILL SAY I AM A  TRAITOR?”   Ribeiro tells us that at times Akalis were arrested as precautionary measure and this , would cause embarrassment to such leaders ,who were not pro-Khalistan, as they stood exposed.  “When the main leaders were being arrested, Balwant Singh former finance minister was excluded because we felt that he was not really a religious personality, just a businessman politician. Balwant Singh was so upset at not being arrested that he phoned Ray and begged him to have him also locked   conveyed this request to me. Subsequently Balwant was also escorted to prison. They were accorded special treatment so that they did not have to experience the rigours of prison life.”    CATS “There was another undercover operation planned Amritsar SSP lzhar Alam and his companions which was nicknamed 'cats'....whenever some terrorist was caught efforts were made by the police to win them over and they would be induced into our anti-terrorist operations. They were kept at police expense in safe houses and compensated handsomely with money and other incentives. They identified wanted terrorists for us from cars with tinted glasses.”   THE CAT BOOMERANGS “One such criminal was a former smuggler who had close contacts with some leading terrorist groups... was recommended to me by Gur lqbal Singh Bhullar an IPS officer... The smuggler had once been a constable and had been dismissed from service. Gur lqbal came to me with a request to reinstate him in the police because he could locate maximum number of dreaded terrorists also Gobind Ram Bhatti, and lzhar Alam pressed me to agree.”   “Gur lqbal took charge of him at Patiala. He [smuggler] succeeded in rounding up a few known terrorists.[now] Sital Das was appointed SSP of Patiala. He called on me to tell that the ex-smuggler had located some very notorious terrorists at Chandigarh. He wanted permission to use force if necessary.”   “One afternoon l was at lunch at our home in Chandigarh when there was a commotion in the compound. I went out  to investigate and was told that some terrorists [smuggler and his accomplices] had been arrested. The car abandoned in front of the house adjoining mine was the one in which they were travelling.”   “Soon afterwards some body else came to inform me that the persons who had been caught had shot two others on the main road.”   “I myself phoned SSP Patiala and told him what has happened He motored down immediately to Chandigarh and sorted out the matter with the local [Chandigarh] police.”[telling them the smuggler/killer was a police cat.]   [later] “The ex-smuggler had committed a decoity. The SSP Patiala and other police officers were trying to Put restriction  on his movements. They were also asking him to surrender his weapons which he was very reluctant to do. These 'demands were making him desperate and he was now talking of killing the officers.”  “I phoned the SSP to alert him; the ex- smuggler managed to do his worst.' He entered the office of SSP to confront him .The SP was also sitting in the office of SSP at that time. The smuggler shot both these officers at point blank range. On hearing the shots an inspector sitting in the adjoining room came in and shot dead the smuggler on the spot.”   SNATCHING CARS  “Police began to requisition cars of ordinary citizens for the purpose of anti- terrorist operations. lzhar Alam at Amritsar and Sumedh Saini at Ludhiana were the worst offenders in this respect. Frequently people travelling by car were ordered by the police to get down and hand over the keys and I received numerous complaints. One of them was from the Army commander of Western command whose son-in-law was victim. I pulled up these officers. I forbade them to requisition cars in this manner. ln stead I requisitioned a dozen cars from secret funds and placed them at the disposal of these two young officers.”    http://www.punjabmonitor.com/2013/07/ribeiro-on-kps-gill.html
    • Right. Why would they? They live in hindustan. 
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