Jump to content

panjabi: correct use of han, hai, san


Recommended Posts

Han:

Guru Sahib Ji apne darshan de rahe HAN.

Guru sahib Ji are giving his darshan.

Raagi Singh kirtan kar rahe HAN

Raagi Singhs are doing kirtan.

So it looks like is present continuos tense.

Also HAN is used for plural but also used for singular when you try to show respect.

HAI:

Eh Ki ho reha hai?

What is this happening.

Ajj Bahut garmi hai.

It is very hot today.

Hai = IS

SAN

San is used in past tense.

Also used for plurals for eg:

Bachey Gursikhi baaney vich Bahut hi sundar lag rahe SAN.

Children were looking very lovely in Gursikhi bana.

Now for singular:

Guru Nanak Dev Ji kirtan kar rahe SAN.

Guru nanak Dev Ji was doing kirtan.

So for guru sahib Ji's respect we say kirtan kar rahe San instead of saying kirtan kar rahe si. Both are correct when when you are writing you use SAN instead of SI.

If anything is unclear please do not hesitate to ask again.

Link to post
Share on other sites

Han

"Oh gal-baat kar rahe han." They're talking. Present tense (with plural subjects)

"Oh gal-baat kar rahe han." He is talking. Present tense (with the singular subject being shown respect)

Hai

"Oh gal-baat kar reha hai." He is talking. Present tense (with a singular subject without the extra respect shown)

San

"Oh gal-baat kar rahe san." They were talking. Past tense (with plural subjects)

"Oh gal-baat kar rahe san." He was talking. Past tense (with the singular subject being shown respect)

  • Like 1
Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Loading...


×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

Terms of Use