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Everything posted by KOOKAR

  1. Guryu Gobind Singh Ji, tenth Guru of the Sikhs, a true millitary and portic genius; founder and spiritual father of the Khalsa or pure ones.Guru Gobind singh ji wielded both the sword and pen effectively. Guru ji used his pen to praise the God almighty and his sword to uproot evil and spread righteousness.Guru Gobind singh Ji sacrificed his entire household to uphold righteousness. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's prose awakens the soul from the deep slumber of maya and infuses heroic spirit into the downtrodden masses.. Guru Gobind Singh Ji states that " I only speak what the Lord God instructs me to.Nor do I fear anyone" Bacchittar natak Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji. Guru Gobind Singh ji was a great scholar himself . 52 poets worked in Guru Ji's court. Poets were respected by Kings. Guru Gobind Singh ji appreciated the works of scholarly poets whose works reflected high moral values and rewarded them with gold coins. Guru Gobind Singh ji used his prose rto awaken the sleepng cowardly nation. Guru Gobind Singh Ji offered refuge to those who fled the Mughal Emperors court. Diwan Nand Lal Goya fled the Emperor aurangzebs court out of ear of compulsory conversion to islam. Anadpur Sahib or the city of bliss became a centre of millitary excellence as weall as flourishing as a litterary school. The work of guru ji's poets wetre included in a Granth or recension known as vidiya sagar which was lost to the river Sirsa on Guru Ji's forced departure from Sri Anadpur Sahib in 1704. Later on , the Sikhs gathered as much litterature as they could from what remained. It must be noted that the first recension of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or the Adi granth was compiled by Sri Guru arjan Dev Ji and installed at Sri Harimandir Sahin in 1704. The Final recension of Sahib Sri Guru Granth sahib ji known as the Damdami Bir or final recension was declared to be the etrnal living Guru or Shabad Guru of the Sikhs hereafter at Takhat Sri Hazoor Sahib Abchal Nagar Nanded in October 1708 before Guru Gobind singh Jis demise. Guru Gobind Singh Ji finalisedthe Damdami version of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji at Sabo Ki talwandi Sri Damdam Sahib and added the gurubani of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji .Guru Ji dictated the entire Guru Granth Sahib to two scholars Baba Depp Singh Ji and Bhai Mani Singh jI from his divine intuition because Guru Gobind Singh jI's uncle refused to handover the Adi Granth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's compositions are included in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib which include Jaap Sahib, Akaal ustaat, Bachittar Natak, Chandi chariitar etc.
  2. Adapted from Purakh Bhagwant Roop Guru Gobind Singh Ji by Principal Satbir Singh Ji Guru Gobind Singh Ji fought 14 battles against the Moghul forces to uphold righteousness. Guru Ji's last battle of Sri anandpur Sahib has had an everlasting impact upon the evolution of Sikh history. Emperor Aurangzeb realised that several of his Royal Commanders such as General Sayyad Khan and several others had become ardent devotees of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The emperor sent a a combined battalion of the Nawabs of Lahore, Sarhind, Jammu and Multan to attack Sri Anandpur Sahib. Emperor Aurangzeb sent an order that Guru Gobind Singh Ji was seeking revenge for his father's martyrdom and was therefore planning a rebellion as well as encouraging others to do so. Aurangzeb ordered the Nawab of Sirhind to capture alive Guru Ji or to bring back his decapitated head. Historian Macauliffe says that Aurangzeb sent an envoy to invite Guru Gobind Singh Ji to meet him. “ This earth belongs to one supreme Lord. You and I have one aim. You believe in one creator God and so do I. Please come and meet .When you come to meet me I will give you a saint's welcome. God has given me this Kingdom”. To which Guru Gobind Singh Ji's replied;”Brother, the supreme Lord who has given you this Kingdom has also sent me on this earth to uphold righteousness and promulgate dharma. God gave you this kIngdom to adminster justice to the citizens. However, you did not do so. You don't treat the citizens as God's creation. How can you and I meet”. The Nawab of Sirhind invited the following Hill rajas: Raja Amir Chand (Bilaspur) Ghumand Chand (Kangrrha), Bir Singh Jaspal and Kulu, Kairall Mandi, Jammu, Noorpur, Chamba, Guler and rulers of Sri Nagar togethe to combine with the Mughal army collectively and then to attack Sri Anandpur sahib. Rangarrh and Gujjarh also joined forces. Juberdast Khan and Wajir Khan of Sirhind took a battalion of several thousands and was joined by Jummu. Guru Gobind Singh Ji strengthened his forces and chose several generals to stop the Royal Forces. Both sides exchanged arrows and gun fire continously. The Mughals faced heavy losses and were aware that if the battle continued victory would be impossible. The Mughal army decided to besiege the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib so heavily that the sikhs could not leave the fort and their food and water rations would soon be exhausted.. Food and water rations of the sikhs were soon running out. Sikhs in groups of four would leave the fort of Anandpur Sahib in search of food and water but they were never to return.The situation became so desperate that the Sikhs had to live on whatever was left in the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib. They would survive on a handful of chick peas and even these became scarce. The favourite elephant of Guru Ji, Parsadi eventually died of hunger. Guru Ji's much loved horse Da and Bidar were also suffering from hunger and had to be put down. The Sikhs decided to attack the camp of the Mughal armies to steal their rations of food and water.One night, a large army of Sikhs attacked the camp of the Mughals but the Mughals further strengthened the siege. Thousands of Mughals lost their lives. The Mughals then sent two envoys, one Sayyed and one Brahmin, who swore on the Koran and Geeta and promised that If Guru Ji and his Sikhs left the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib, no harm would come to them. Guru Gobind Singh Ji through his intuition was aware of the Mughals plans but put the Mughals to test by sending carts of old and worn clothes, bones and carcasses of old animals and covered these by precious and expensive clothes.The carts had only left the fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib when the Mughals looted the carts. The citizens of Anandpur Sahib were pleading with Guru Gobind Singh Ji to leave Sri Anandpur Sahib as the Emperor had personally sworn on the Koran that no harm would come to Guru Ji if He left the city of Anandpur Sahihb. On the plea of his Sikhs and citizens, Guru Gobind Singh Ji left the Fort of Sri Anandpur Sahib on 19th December 1704; never to return to his much loved city. The consequences were the loss of ; Guru Gobind Singh Ji's four princely sons, Five beloved Sikhs, fourty beloved Mukta sikhs and many other Sikhs lost their lives. Guru Ji's valuable gnrath vidiya sagar which weighed 9 mans was lost to the river Sirsa The Battle of Chamkaur Sahib Guru Ji left the city of Anandpur Sahib on the night of 19th December 1704.Guru Ji accompanied by his four sons, five beloved ones, Mata Gujri Ji, Mata Sundri Ji accompanied by other singhs and Guru Ji left first and were followed by other groups of Sikhs.When the Mughal army army became awre of the Guru's departure many Mughal regiments attacked Guru Ji. A fierce battel enraed n the banks of the river sirsa. The River Sirsa was flooded due to the rainy season. Bhai Uday Singh who had beheaded Raja Kesri Chand held back the Mughal army but was outnumbered and hence achieved martyrdom. Bhai Jiwan Singh, the Sikh who smuggled the beheaded head of Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji from Mughal custody, held back the Mughal forces until he met a brave death. On the banks of the river Sirsa, Guru Gobind Singh Ji's family was divided into 3 parts:Guru Sahib's elder Sahibzadas Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh and other singhs crossed the River Sirsa and reached Roparh. Mata Sundar Ji, Mata Sahib Devan accompanied by Bhai Mani Singh Ji reached Hardwar and then went to Delhi.Mata Gujri Ji, Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh Singh Ji stayed at the hut of Kumi Mashki. 20th Dec 1704 Guru Ji spent at Roparh. The Mughal army spent the whole night chasing Guru Gobind Singh Ji. 21st Dec 1704 Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed at Roprah and was gurded by the Pathan of Koth Nihung Singh, Night of 21st Dec 1704 Guru Gobind Singh Ji leaves for Chamkaur Sahib Farmer Bhudhi Chand explains that the raw fort of Chamkaur would offer more protection tyhn the plains of Roparh.Guru Gobind Singh Ji had stayed at the fortress during his earlier visit to Kurukshetra. The dusk of 22 December 1704 heralded an unparallelled battle in thehistory of war. On one side were 40 hungry , tired and thirsty Sikhs nd the enemy were 100000 men...Naab Wazir Khan announced that if Guru Gobind Singh Ji and his men surrendered themselves no harm would come to them.Guru Ji showered the enemy with a fire of arrows and the Mughals too responded in a similar manner. But the Mughalswere unsuccessful in crossing the wall of Chamkaur Fort. The Mughals despatched one General Nahar Khan who used a adder to climb upto the fort's wall and as He attempted to climb the wall guru Gobind Singh ji blessed him wiith an arrow. Ghani Khan and Khwaza Mahmood too met their deaths at the hands of the Guru. Guru Ji and his Sikhs showered the advancing army with bullets, guns and arrows.Swords clashed with swords.Thousands breathed their last on the bloody battlefiield. The Nawab of sirhind, Nawab wazir khan planned to enter the fort of Chamkaur in one go. The Nawab ordered his Generals Hadayt Khan, Ismael Khan, Fuladh Khan, Sultan Khan, Asman Khan, Jahan Khan, Khaleel Khan and Booreh Khan to advance towards the fort. Guru Gobind Singh Ji dispatchedear odson Baba Ajit Singh Ji together with Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Ishar Singh, Bhai Lall Singh,Bhai Nand Singh, Bhai Kesar Singh, Bhai Deva Singh, Bhai Keertee Singh and Bhai mehar Singh. translated by kookar ji
  3. Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib is a complex consisting of several important shrines or Gurdwaras linked to the younger sahibzadas (younger sons) of Guru Gobind Singh. It is located about 5 km north of Sirhind (30°37'N, 76°23'E) in a district called Fatehgarh sahib and marks the sad site of the execution in 1705 of the two younger sons of the tenth Sikh master at the behest of Wazir Khan of Kunjpura, the faujdar of Sirhind. The main entrance to the Gurdwara complex was built by Maharaja Yadvindra Singh of Patiala in 1952. The historical wall, in which the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked in, has been preserved in this Gurdwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall in known as Gurdwara Bhora Sahib. Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri and Gurdwara Shahid Ganj are also located in the main complex of Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It was at the site of Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri that the two younger sons Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh of tenth Guru and the Guru's mother Mata Gujri were kept in confinement by Wazir Khan. The place were the three were confined is known as the `THANDA BURJ' (cold tower); built to provide a cool retreat from the summer's heat, it provided only chilling punishment to the Guru's sons and his mother during their imprisonment in the extreme cold. It was in the tower that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons. Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed at this location to honour Mata ji. History Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Gurdwaras In Main Compund 3 Gurdwaras Around main Gurdwara 4 See also 5 External Links 6 References As the Sikhs evacuated Anandpur on the night of 5-6 December 1705, they were closely pursued by the very men who had promised them a safe retreat. Guru Gobind Singh had doubted the promises of those who had laid siege to Anandpur, he had even sent out a series of wagons to test the attackers' promises. The wagons were attacked soon after they had left the safety of the Sikh fortress. It was only after a second promise written on the Qur'an and the Holy vedas of the Hindus, which included a guarantee from Aurangzeb himself, that the Sikhs and his own family members convinced the Guru to leave Anandpur. Hardly had the party reached the ice cold waters of the Rivulet Sarsa then swollen into a raging river by the winter's frigid rains when the attackers fell upon the Sikhs. Under cover of a quick rearguard action fought on the banks of the river, Guru Gobind Sing and a small band of Sikhs succeeded in crossing safely, but the Guru's family were scattered in the tumult. Guru Gobind Singh's elderly mother, Mata Gujari, and her two grandsons, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, aged 9 and 7 years respectively, had managed to cross the river but they had no where to go until one of the families' cooks, named Gangu, offered to lake them to his own village Khen. They accompanied him to his house, but he proved deceitful and betrayed them to Jam Khan and Mani Khan of Morinda. The latter at once despatched them to Sirhind where they were consigned to the Thanda Burj (Cold Tower) of the Fort, a place of comfort in the hot summers but terribly cold in the winter months. On 9 December 1705, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh were brought before Wazir Khan, who had just returned from the battle of Chamkaur. Wazir Khan tried to lure them to embrace Islam with promises of riches and honours, but they spurned the offer. He threatened them with death as an alternative to their accepting Islam, but they remained firm. A death sentence was eventually awarded. Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan of Malerkoila protested that it would be improper to harm the innocent children. Wazir Khan, however, ordered them to be bricked up alive in a wall, if they still refused conversion. They were kept in the Cold Tower in that severe winter for another two days. On 11 December they, under the orders of Wazir Khan, began to be walled in with bricks while standing on the ground. However, as the masonry reached above chest height, the wall colapsed. The next day, 12 December 1705, the Sahibzadas were once again offered the choice of conversion or death. Fatehgarh Sahib They chose the latter and fearlessly faced the executioner's sword. The cruelty of their murder and their fearlessness of death which they preferred to giving up their faith finds a touching narration in "GarijiShahTdari" an Urdu poem by a Muslim poet, Allahyar Khan Jogi, who used to recite it from Sikh platforms during the second and third decades of the twentieth century. The aged Mata Gujari who had all along been confined in the Cold Tower, only a little distance away, breathed her last as the news reached her ears. The dead bodies were kept for the night at a spot now called Bimangarh, just outside the fort wall, and were cremated the following day by Seth Todar Mall, a wealthy merchant of Sirhind. Sirhind suffered the full fury of Sikh wrath when Banda Singh Bahadur marched upon it with his daring Khalsa companions. Wazir Khan was killed and the city was occupied on 14 May 1710. Diwan Suchchanand, who had explicitly championed the penalty laid upon the captives by the faujdar, was captured and tortured to death. The town, including the Fort, was razed to the ground. A memorial was raised marking the spot where the Sahibzadas were martyred and named Fatehgarh (Fort of Victory). Sirhind, however, soon fell back into the hands of the Mughals and was later conquered by Ahmad Shah Durrani who appointed Zain Khan as faujdar in 1761. As Zain Khan was finally defeated and killed in battle on January 1764 by the Dal Khalsa and as Sikhs occupied the country around Sirhind, no Sikh Sardar was willing to keep the accursed town. It was consequently conferred upon Bhai Buddha Singh, a pious and humble Sikh. He later sold it to Baba Ala Singh, founder of the Patiala dynasty. To honour the memory of the young martyrs, a Gurdwara was constructed on the site of the old memorial and named Fatehgarh Sahib. Maharaja Karam Singh (1798-1845) of Paliala had the Gurudwara rebuilt. He also gave Sirhind Nizamat (district) the name of Fateh Sahib. Other shrines were, in course established around the central Gurdwara. For over a century the management of the shrines at Fatehgarh Sahib remained in the hands of local priests. In 1906, a group consisting of custodians of the the shrines was formed. In 1944, Paliala ment constituted an Interim Gurdwara and an Improvement Commitee Gurdwaras Fatehgarh Sahib and Joti After the formation of the Patiala a Punjab States Union (PEPSU) inJu the Interim Board was amalgamated Dharam Arth (Religious Endow Board. Upon the unification of PEP East Punjab into a single state of the the gurdwaras in PEPSU passed under control of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. Renovate development originally planned by provemcnt Committee of 1944 were l hand in 1955-56. The architectural design of the building is Indo-Islamic, with its flai pyramidal construction over a squan ribbed lotus dome on top, mosaic fill a richly patterned ceiling, radiating cusped arches, and projecting win< stands on an extensive mound and coi the landscape for miles around. The storeyed edifice on a raised platform divan hall on the ground floor, with ment below and a central pavilion an on top. The basement called Bhor contains the old brick enclosure bel be the exact site of the execution Sahibzadas. The Guru Granth Sahit cd here with holy relics, hilt of a sw' a dagger and a rust eaten fragment of a double edged weapon. The divan had marble floor and an artistically pz ceiling with the Guru Granth Sahib s the centre in a gilded pdlaki, portab pied seal, on a marble platform. The inverted lotus at the apex of the dome at the pinnacle are covered on the exterior with gold-plated sheets. The dome is topped by an umbrella shaped gold finial as are the domes of the four kiosks located at each corner of the roof. The three storied gateway is topped by decorative canopied pavilions and a clocktower.
  4. Uncover your private parts by loosening kachehra nala or cord , but keep you must keep your kachehra on both legs , then engage in sexual intercourse and then retie nala of kashera
  5. Kachera From SikhiWiki Jump to: navigation, search Kaccha - one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs Kachera/ undershorts/undergarment which resemble boxer shorts are one of the five Sikh articles of faith, given as gifts of love by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 they are worn by all Sikhs, initiated into the Khalsa. Both males and females Sikhs wear the same type of kachera. This was one of five articles of faith, collectively called Kakars that form the external visible symbols to clearly and outwardly display ones commitment and dedication to the order (Hukam) of the tenth master. This Kakar was given by Guru Gobind Singh to remind his Sikhs that they should control their sexual desire, Kam (lust). The Kacha is a long underwear that comes to just above the knees and gives a feeling of dignity, modest and honour to the person who wears this garment. The garment is usually made from white light-weight cotton material. It served to cover the person's private parts, as well, as remind Sikhs of the Guru's message to think of the opposite sex as they would think of their other family members and not as objects. The Kaccha is secured and tied with a "nala" (drawstring). This serves as another reminder that while one takes the time to untie the drawstring one is given time to think about what one is about to do. The Guru reminds us how while remembering the Lord, sexual desire can be overcome, thus: "Through the Kind and Compassionate True Guru, I have met the Lord; I have conquered sexual desire, anger and greed." (SGGS page 81) The Kacha is the Guru's gift and it reminds the Sikhs of the Guru's message regarding the control of the Five Evils especially lust. Further, this garment allows the Sikh soldier to operate in combat freely and without any hindrance or restriction. It serves its purpose efficiently and effective and is easy to fabricate, maintain, wash and carry compared to other under-garments of the day, like the dhoti, etc Gurbani reminds the Sikh to renounce worldly desire and seek the sanctuary of the Lord thus: "Renouncing sexual desire, anger, flattery and slander, they enter the Sanctuary of God." (SGGS page 469)
  6. The Supreme sacrifices of Guru Ji's two younger sons- Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh singh Ji. Mata Gujri and the younger two sons of Guru Ji stayed at the hut of Kumeh Mashki. A brahmin called Gangu from Saherhi took the Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri to his village.Gangu stole the possessions of mata Ji and claimed that theft had taken place. Mata Gujri knew that the culprit was Gangu brahmin but she urged him to keep her possessions if he wanted. Gangu became furious and accused Mata Ji of calling him a thief. Gangu informed the Kotwal. The thanedar of Murinda arrested Mata Gujri Ji and the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and kept them in a cell overnight. The following morning Guru Ji's younger sons and Mata Ji were escorted to the Thanah of Bazi in a cart. They were handcuffed and shackled and taken to Sirhind. They were kept n cold cell overnight. Moti Mehra risked his life to provide hot milk for the younger son's of Guru Ji. The following day, 24th December, 1704, the younger son's of Guru Gobind Singh Ji were separated from their grandmother Mata Gujri Ji and were made to stand trial in a court. The two younger sons of Guru ji with their radiant faces and blue dresses looked very handsome. Many attempts were made to frighten the two young princes but to no avail. Baba Fateh Singh Ji and Baba Zorawar Singh Ji stayed determined and in high spirits. The large central gate to the court was closed and the Sahibzadas were made to enter through a small window like opening. They were ordered to bow before the nawab but how could the sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji be frightened? The Sahibzadas stepped into the Nawab's court with their feet first and uttered “Waheguru Ji kaKhalsa;Waheguru Ji ki Fateh. The Nawab of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, tried his utmost to bribe the Sahibzadas.He encouraged them to accept Islam. But again and again, the two Sahibzadas of Guru Gobind Singh Ji refused. At last, the quazi ordered a fatwa or death sentence and accused the sahibzadas of being rebellious and traitors, hence they should be bricked alive. The following day, 26th December 1704, the Sahibzadas were brought to court again.They were bribed, frightened but the Sahibzadas renained steadfast in their beliefs.They answered each question very carefully. Two executioners volunteered to brick alive the two younger son's of Guru Ji. The executioners, Shushal Beg and Vishal Beg began to raise the walls.At each point, the younger Sahibzadas were requested to embrace islam but they refused. When the wall reached their chests, the two younger son's of Guru Ji became unconscious and the wall fell to the ground. The executioner took their swords and executed the two younger son's of Guru Ji. On hearing of the martyrdom of her younger grandchildren, Mata Gujri, the Mother of Guru Ji left this mortal world. Todar Mal bought some land from the Mughals in exchange for gold coins and cremated the bodies of Guru Ji's younger sons and mother. This tragic happening took place on the evening of 27th December 1704. Today stands the shrine of Gurdwara Jyoti Saroop, Fatehgarh Sahib. The common people were furious at the death of the two Sahibzadazas.The martyrdom of the Sahibzadas breathed into the cowardly people a new spirit of courage and freedom.
  7. The Enemity of Raja Bhima Chand of Bilaspur state Guru Gobind Singh Ji was merely nine years old when his father Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was martyred at Chandni chowk Delhi. This was a very futile and testing time for the Sikh nation.But fortunate was the Sikh nation to have a righteous and diplomatic leader like Guru Gobnd Singh Ji. As soon as Guru Gobind Rai Ji accepted gurudom, Guru Ji cremated his father's severed head. Bhai Jeta Ji smuggled Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's severed head from Mughal custody and He was hugged by Guru Gobind Rai Ji and Guru Ji uttered “Rangreta Guru Ka Beta” which literally translates as Rangretta caste as son of the Guru. Bhai Jeta had risked is own life to save sacrilege to Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's severed head and indeed had committed a miraculous and brave deed. After tcremating Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's head, the young Guru Gobind Rai asked Bhai Jeta Ji about the after effects of the martyrdom on the sikhs of Delhi.Bhai Jeta Ji replied that the Sikhs of Delhi after Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's martyrdom tried to hide their identity. No one was prepared to declare himself a Sikh of the guru.A wave of fear struck the whole of Delhi.Guru Ji also heard of the bravery of those Sikhs who had helped to cremate the body of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji at Rakabganj Sahib, Delhi.The young Guru Gobind Rai Ji declared ;” That I will give my Sikhs a distinct identity where by even one gursikh will not go undistinguished in thousands of people”.Guru Ji's declaration had an important bearing upon the psychology of his Sikhs.They were reminded to be fearless and enmityless just like the divine qualities of the almighty creator God.Guru Ji also stressed the need to mediatate upon thedivine name and hence conquer evil mindedness. This was the first hint Guru Gobind Singhji gave of the forth coming inaguration of the Khalsa brotherhood which was to ensue. Guru Gobind Rai consoled the Sikh masses over the martyrdom of the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji. Instead of weeping, Guru Gobind Rai ji tackled inner weaknesses amongst the Sikhs and gathered his strength and Guru jistressed that the blood shed of a great saintly man of god like Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji would not be wasted in vain. The emperor Aurangzeb was convinced that the Sikhs were demoralised by the martyrdom of guru TeghBahadhur Ji and hence the advancement of the Sikh faith would be impossible.The surrounding Hill Rajas around Sri Anandpur Sahib Ji thought the same. However, the young Guru Gobind Rai had made other preparations. Guru Ji uplifted the spiritis of the downtrodden and disheartened masses by encouraging millitary training amongst the sikhs to include horse riding, hunting, spearfighting.Guru Ji sent edicts for the Sikh sadhsangat to present beautiful horses and good grafted weapons before the Guru in order to evoke the Guru's blessings. to be continued
  8. Gurbani Kirtan classes at Guru Nanak Gurdwara, stratford Road , sparkhilll to include harmonium, tabla, dholki and sitar every wednesday 6-8pm, thursday 6-8pm by Bibi Rajwinder Kaur Padam please contact me for further details notations of shabads provided.
  9. Guru Gobind Rai ascended the throne of Guruship at the tender age of nine. Guru Gobind Rai became the tenth spiritual master of the sikhs.Guru gobind Rai was a spiritual and millitary genius for his age.The martyrdom of guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji infused in his Sikhs a new spirit of scarifice. When Guru Gobind Rai acceeded to the throne of Guru Nanak , he took stock of his strength and set upon mastering arms and other war engines to stand eefectively against the mughal tyranny. During the installation of Guru Gobind Singh ji as the tenth Guru, Bhai Ram Kaur from the household of the revered Gursikh Baba buddha Ji adored Guru gobind Singh Ji's head with a beautiful plume which was decorated with precious stones.Bhai Ram kaur also presented Guru Gobind Singh Ji a turban, expensive shawl, a pearl necklace, a bow, sword, horse decorated with silver, an eagle and five goldcoins. the holy congregation from afar presented guru Ji with their gifts. Mata Gujri Ji kissed Guru Gobind Rai's forehead and blessed him. The congregation was served with langar .Aurangzeb's policy was to instil fer in the people but the Sikhs of guru ji flocked to Sri Anandpur sahib risking their lives. Guru Gobind Singh Ji played the mridang, tabla and sirunda very well.At Riwalsar Sahub, Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Sirunda and Kirpan are kept together. akhar vada ghata bhul chuk maff karnee
  10. Guru Gobind Rai Installed As tenth divine Guru Nanak . Gru Gobind Singh Ji states his ascension to the divine throne of guru Nanak Dev Ji after the martyrdom of the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Sahib Ji at Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh Ji states in his Bani Bachittar Natak wch is found in the Dasam Granth Sahib ji :When Hargobind merged in the Supreme reality , Hari rai sat in his place. His son was was Hari Krishan from whom emerged Gru Tegh Bahadhur Ji.111211 The Lord protected his glory and discipline of serving the cause of others and driven by this feeling he enacteda great holocaust in this drak age of Kaliyuga.tto protect the honour of the innocents he sacrificed his life. He offered his head and never gave any expressoion of pain. Committing this act of sacrifice for the sake of dharma, he gave up his head but never left his insistence on truth. Under the veil oftruth, the dramas and bad deeds done to decieve others, make the spiritually authoritative persons ashamed of such hypocrises, Dohra Breaking the body-pitcher on the head of the King of Delhi( Aurangzeb), he left for the abode of god. None else performed the great act as was done by guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji. As soon as Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji left this mortal world, this world became full of grief, Cries of distress were heard all around whereas the heavens resounded ovation and applause 16 Sri dasam granth sahib bachittar natak bani mukhwak sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  11. The Battle of Chamkaur. The dusk of December 22nd 1704 heralded an unparrallelled war in the annals of history where fourty Sikhs battled against odds of 100000 During the battle of Chamkaur, the eldest Sahibzada of Guru Gobind Singh ji fought bravely against the enemy with his spear and sword.Eventually Baba ji;s horse was martyred and Baba Ji fighting on foot met a heroic death watched by his father, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  12. <FONT size=3><FONT face="Times New Roman"> (Deepak Chopra calls this as the very effective "Law of Least Effort") Supreme Lord said: The unsatisfied desire produces anger. The satisfied desire breeds greed for more. Thus desire is a great devil, because, it can never be fully satisfied. (3.37) As the fire is covered by smoke, as a mirror by dust, and as an embryo by the womb, similarly, the Self-knowledge (Jnaan) gets covered by the veil of lust (Kaam). The lust for material and sensual enjoyment is called Kaam or Vaasanaa in Sanskrit. (3.38) Senses, the mind, and the intellect are the seat of desires. The desire deludes a person by veiling the Self-knowledge. Therefore, one must purify the intellect by Sevaa, and establish control over the mind and senses. (3.40) Spirit (Atmaa) is superior to both mind and intellect. One must not soil one's Atmaa by sinful temporary pleasures of the senses. One should first strengthen and purify the intellect by Sevaa, spiritual practices, and medita­tion; then control the mind and senses by the purified intellect, and establish control over lust (Kaam), the mighty devil of material and sensual pleasures. (3.43) CHAPTER SUMMARY: Defines what is KarmYog (KY), describes the necessity and importance of KY in spiritual journey; tells that people should teach others by their personal example; all works are really done by the nature or God using us as His instruments; Kaam or the selfish desire is the greatest enemy for the seekers of Truth; and teaches how to control insatiable desires with the help of trained and purified intellect. Sri Krishna Bhagwan in Sri Bhagavad Gita
  13. Sahibzada Ajit Singh (11 February 1687 - 7 December 1705), the eldest of four sons of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito ji (also known as Mata Sundari ji) at Paonta sahib on 11 February 1687. The following year, Guru Gobind Singh returned with the family to Anandpur where Ajit Singh was brought up in the approved Sikh style. He was taught the religious texts, philosophy and history, and had training in the martial arts such as riding, swordsmanship, gatka and archery. He grew up to be a handsome young man, strong, intelligent and a natural leader of people. Soon after the creation of the Khalsa on 30 March 1699, he had his first test of skill. A group of Sikhs (sangat) coming from Pothohar, northwest Punjab, was attacked and looted on the way by the Ranghars of Nuh, a short distance from Anandpur across the River Sutlej. Guru Gobind Singh sent Sahibzada Ajit Singh, barely 12 years of age then, to that village to intervene and defend the sangat. Ajit Singh at the head of 100 Sikhs reached there on 23 May 1699, punished the Ranghars and recovered the looted property. Following this successful mission, a much harder task was entrusted to him the following year when the hill chiefs supported by imperial troops attacked Anandpur. Sahibzada Ajit Singh was made responsible for the defence of Taragarh Fort which became the first target of attack. This, according to the Bhatt Vahis, happened on 29 August 1700. Ajit Singh, assisted by Bhai Ude Singh, a seasoned soldier, repulsed the attack. He also fought valiantly in the battles of Nirmohgarh in October 1700. On 15 March 1701, a sangat, column of Sikh devotees, coming from Darap area (present Sialkot district) was waylaid by Gujjars and Ranghars. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led a successful expedition against them too. Once a Brahman came to Guru Gobind Singh’s darbar. He complained that some Pathans of Bassi, near Hoshiarpur had taken his newly-wedded wife away by force. Sahibzada Ajit Singh offered to help the Brahman to recover his wife. As instructed by Guru Gobind Singh, on 7 March 1703 he took out 100 horsemen to Bassi, near Hoshiarpur. With this band of young brave Sikhs, Baba Ajit Singh fell upon Bassi during the night. He arrested the Pathans responsible for the wicked deed. He recovered the Brahman’s wife. He took the wicked Pathans to Anandpur the following morning. The Brahman’s wife was restored to him. The wicked Pathans were punished, suitably and severely. In the prolonged siege of Anandpur in 1705, Sahibzada Ajit Singh again displayed his qualities of courage and steadfastness. When, at last, Anandpur was vacated on the night of 5-6 December 1705, he was given command of the rearguard. As the besiegers, violating their solemn promises for a safe conduct to the evacuees, attacked the column, he stoutly engaged them on a hill feature called Shahi Tibbi until relieved by Bhai Ude Singh. Sahibzada Ajit Singh crossed the Sarsa, then in spate, along with his father, his younger brother, Jujhar Singh, and some fifty Sikhs. Further reduced in numbers by casualties at the hands of a pursuing troop from Ropar, the column reached Chamkaur in the evening of 6 December 1705, and took up position in a garhi, a highwalled fortified haveli (house). The attackers, their numbers since swelled by reinforcements from Malerkotia, Sirhind and from among the local Ranghars and Gujjars, soon caught up with them and threw a tight ring around Chamkaur. An unequal but grim battle commenced with the sunrise on 7 December 1705 in the words of Guru Gobind Singh's Zafamamah, a mere forty defying a hundred thousand (lakh). The besieged, after they had exhausted the meagre stock of ammunition and arrows, made sallies in batches of five each to engage the encircling host with sword and spear. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led one of the sallies and laid down his life fighting in the thick of the battle. He was 18 years old at the time of his supreme sacrifice for his faith. Gurdwara Qatalgarh now marks the spot where he fell, followed by Sahibzada Jujhar Singh, who led the next sally. An annual fair is held in commemoration of their martyrdoms on the 8th of the Bikrami month of Poh (December/January). The martyrdom of two of the sons of Guru Gobind Singh in the battle of Chamkaur is substantiated by a contemporary record in the form of an official letter preserved in a MS., AhkamiAlamgiriby Emperor Aurarigzib's official letter writer, Mirza 'Inayat Ullah Khan Ismi (1653-1725). The relevant extract from the MS., translated into English, reads: Received the letter containing miscellaneous matters including the arrival of Gobind, the worshipper of Nanak, to a place 12 kos from Sirhind; the despatch of a force of 700 with artillery and other material; his being besieged and vanquished in the haveli [i.e. large walled house] of a zamindar of village Chamkaur and the killing of his two sons and other companions; and the capture of his mother and another son....
  14. anyone with contact details for Ajit Singh Mutlashi Ji
  15. Does anyone have a contact phone number and email password contact for Ustadd Ajit Singh Mutlashi Thanks, Kookar
  16. Bhai Kesar Singh Chibbar mentions that Bhai Harjas Rai taught gurmukhi script to Guru Gobind Rai Ji.He wa a well versed scholar. Within a year, Guru Gobind Rai Ji became fluent i Persian and learnt the whole of Sahib Sri Guru granth Sahib Ji in a matter of six months. Guru Tegh Bahadhur ji educated the child Guru Gobind Rai in the art of weaponry;horse riding, archery, spear fighting and swimming. According to the Bhatt Vahi and Guru Kian Sakhian, the art of weaponry and horse riding was delivered to Guru Ji by Bhai Bujjr Shah BVhat. The child Guru mastwered worldly knowledge and the art of war fare in 3 years. The child Guru was very intelligent and handsome.
  17. Marriages of Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji When Guru Ji reached the age of 18, his personality and beauty reached its peak. He was very attractive. Guru Ji was of medium build and slim. Guru Ji's beautiful face was showing the first signs of very fine facial hair. He is said to have possessed such an attractive personality tht anyone who saw him could not resist hugging him. Mata Gujri,the mother of guru Sahib Ji thought that it was time to marry Guru Sahib Ji. Guru Gobind Singh Ji got married to Mata Sindari Saroop from Lahore on Vaisakhi day 1684. The climate prevailing in the country did not allow Guru Ji to go to lahore, instead the marriage took place at Guru Ka Lahore. According to the Mahan Kosh Granth, Guru Ji's wife Mata Sundari Ji was from Lahore.She was the daughter of Bhai Ram Saran Kumrau Patri . Many thought that this was Guru Sahib Ji's second marriage but it seems more than likely that Mata Sundari Ji's name prior to marriage was Mata Jito Ji. It was most likely ji that Guru Ji named her Sundari Saroop.Two different names led to the assumption of two different marriages and hence two different partners.
  18. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's early childhood Bhikhan Shah or Bhikh Shah was a well revered Muslim Mystic fakir from nagar Siana. He was absorbed in deep meditation when He became aware of the incarnation of Guru Gobind Singh Ji at Patna Sahib.Bhikhan Shah today bowed towards the direction of Patna Sahib instead of Mecca.This act was considered by his followers to be contrary to the way of Islam but nevertheless Bhikhan Shah remained steadfast in his beliefs that the Son of God had today taken physical birth at Patna Sahib today.Bhikhan Shahwas born in 1637 at village Siana in Kainthal district Karnal but chose to reside at Thuska. Hr received Thuska as a jagir from the Mughals. Bhikhan Shah being a Sayyd Mir was also known by the title of Thuskha Mir Ji. Bhikhan Shah's mother Shah Mira Bhikha was from Sadaura.Rosn Oud Daula had given to Bhikhan Shah 24 villages.Bhikhan Shah at once left for the city of Patna to take a glimpse of the child Guru. Pir ji was anxious to find out ofwhich , Islam and Hinduism Guru Ji favoured.. Pir Ji placed before the child Guru three earthen pots filled with water, milk and indian sweets respectively.The water symbolised Islam,;milk symbolised Hinduism and the sweets righteousness. Islam was entangled in narrow mindeedness and strict religious laws, hence the water.Water is only of use when enclosed in a container.Hinduism lay stress on pure actions hence the milk. When Bhikhan Shah arrived in Patna, He took a glimpse of the child Guru and placed before the child Guru two earthen vessels containing indian sweets. Bhikhan Shah subsequently placed before the child guru , the earthen pots containing water and milk.Guru Ji knocked both of them empty with his gentle feet. Everyone looked dumbfounded and Bhikhan Shah stepped forward and issed Guru Ji's feet. Bhikhqan Shah became convinced that Guru Ji did not favour either Hinduism or Islam but instead defended righteousness. Guru Gobind Singh Ji explains in one of his compositions taken from his writings Akal Ustat or Utterings of Praise of the Almighty that the temple and mosque are the same. The Child guru would visit the River Ganges and bless it with his feet. Guru Ji would playfully empty out the pitchers of those taking bath in the River Ganges.Guru Ji stressed that the water of the ganges was of no use for the cleansing of the soul. Guru Ji further explained that superstitions and rituals had taken man very far away from true religion.Guru Ji offered a coin given to him by his mother to the water. A blessed soul with the name of Shiv Dutt saw in the guru the very image of the Hindu Avatar Sri Ram Chander Ji. The people of patna were very convinced that the child Guru was an incarnation of the Hindu avatar Sri Ram Chander and that the child guru was responsible for the death of the evil king Ravan. Wherever the child Guru stood in the river, The River Ganges would rise up and touch the feet of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Ji would organise mock battles between the children. Those victorious were awarded prizes by the Guru's mother and maternal uncle. Small arrows, swords and shields were prepared specially
  20. Akal Purakh told Guru Ji that He had previously created demons but they had become too egoistic as they possessed great bodily strength and spiritual powers. They began to misuse their spiritual powers but forgot the very source of their existence. Akal Purakh destroyed the demons and created the demi-gods. The demi-gods,too, became very proud of their spiritual powers which the Lord God had bestowed upon them and hence forgot the Lord Almighty.Instead, they advocated their own worship. Lord Shiva advocated himself as the great god Mahadev. Then God created beings that would advocate worship of the supreme almighty god and not themselves. But soon they also ignored worship of the Supreme Being but instead advocated worship of themselves. Soon people began to worship elements which had an iota of energy. These included elements like the Sun, Moon, Fire, Water,Mountains, Universe and Caste Hierarchy. Then the Supreme Being created humans. They too forgot the lord.God created the Sidhs and Sadhus. However, they too did not realise the Supreme being. Soon, enmity, ego and envity soon flourished. The burning fire of ego began to engulf the world. This can be compared to animals fighting in the jungle and hence destroying each other.. Some beings created their own kingdoms and established their own rules.The sages created their own distinctive religious traditions and these all fogot to realise the Supreme Being.Various religious practices, cultural traditions and superstitions prevailed. Then God created the Prophet of Arabia, Muhammed. He formed a distinct Islamic way of life. He was followed by Gorakh, Ramanand. They too did not forsake the old ways. Finally, Akal Purakh Waheguru sent Guru Gobind Singh Ji to propagate the wroship of the Supreme Being alone who is the sole creator and destroyer of the universe. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was asked to spread righteousness and to uproot evil and wicked individuals. Guru Ji describes, “ How God brought me into the world when I was performing penance on the mountain of Hemkunt .God ordered me to move into the world as his cherished son to extend his religion by upholding the saints and destroying the wicked. Guru Ji out out of his humility replied that He would only do as God wished and that He has no enmity with any faith whatsoever.However, anyone who adores Guru Gobind Singh Ji will fall into the raging fires of Hell immediately.Guru Ji in his bani addresses himself as the humble devotee of God.Guru Ji promises to utter only what the Lord God wishes him too and will not hesitate from speaking the truth irrespective of Public opinion.Guru Ji adds that He does not fear anyone. Nor does He have any greed.. Guru Ji utters that He was born into this world to promulgate righteousness and for upholding the honour of holy men and much for the destruction of the wicked. Righteousness was nowhere to be found.Empty religious rituals and traditions, islamic law, Gorakh and Muhammeds taught way of life was the way of the world. None realised the Supreme pervading Being.Guru Gobind Singh Ji propagated a new way of life which emphasised worship of God alone and formed a nation of the Pure or Khals a brotherhood. The Khalsa belonged to Waheguru directly, hence Waheguru JI ka Khalsa and victory belonged to Waheguru Ji, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh.. Guru Gobind Singh Ji merged his light into the Khalsa and hence became disciple and Guru in one. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji exhibibited great bravery skillship of the sword at the battle of Kartarpur. Previous Sri Dasam Granth Sahib; Displaying page of 2326 Home Next ਤੇ ਭੁਜ ਬਲ ਬਵਰੇ ਹ੍ਵੈ ਗਏ ॥ ਪੂਜਤ ਪਰਮ ਪੁਰਖ ਰਹਿ ਗਏ ॥੬॥ ते भुज बल बवरे ह्वै गए ॥ पूजत परम पुरख रहि गए ॥६॥ Who became mad with power and abandoned the worship of Supreme Purusha.6. ਤੇ ਹਮ ਤਮਕਿ ਤਨਕ ਮੋ ਖਾਪੇ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕੀ ਠਉਰ ਦੇਵਤਾ ਥਾਪੇ ॥ ते हम तमकि तनक मो खापे ॥ तिन की ठउर देवता थापे ॥ I destroyed them in no time and created gods in their place. ਤੇ ਭੀ ਬਲਿ ਪੂਜਾ ਉਰਝਾਏ ॥ ਆਪਨ ਹੀ ਪਰਮੇਸੁਰ ਕਹਾਏ ॥੭॥ ते भी बलि पूजा उरझाए ॥ आपन ही परमेसुर कहाए ॥७॥ They were also absorbed in the worship of power and called themselves Ominipotednt.7. ਮਹਾਦੇਵ ਅਚੁੱਤ ਕਹਾਯੋ ॥ ਬਿਸਨ ਆਪ ਹੀ ਕੋ ਠਹਿਰਾਯੋ ॥ महादेव अचु्त कहायो ॥ बिसन आप ही को ठहिरायो ॥ Mahadeo (Shiva) was called Achyuta (blotless), Vishnu considered himself the Supreme. ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾ ਆਪ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਬਖਾਨਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੋ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਨ ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਜਾਨਾ ॥੮॥ ब्रहमा आप पारब्रहम बखाना ॥ प्रभ को प्रभू न किनहूं जाना ॥८॥ Brahma called himself Para Brahman, none could comprehend the Lord.8. ਤਬ ਸਾਖੀ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਅਸਟ ਬਨਾਏ ॥ ਸਾਖ ਨਮਿਤ ਦੇਬੇ ਠਹਿਰਾਏ ॥ तब साखी प्रभ असट बनाए ॥ साख नमित देबे ठहिराए ॥ Then I created eight Sakshis in order to give evidence of my Entity. ਤੇ ਕਹੈ ਕਰੋ ਹਮਾਰੀ ਪੂਜਾ ॥ ਹਮ ਬਿਨ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਦੂਜਾ ॥੯॥ ते कहै करो हमारी पूजा ॥ हम बिन अवरु न ठाकुरु दूजा ॥९॥ But they considered themselves all in all and aasked the people to worship them.9. ਪਰਮ ਤਤ ਕੋ ਜਿਨ ਨ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕਰਿ ਈਸਰ ਤਿਨ ਕਹੁ ਮਾਨਾ ॥ परम तत को जिन न पछाना ॥ तिन करि ईसर तिन कहु माना ॥ Those who did not comprehend the Lord, they were considered as Ishvara. ਕੇਤੇ ਸੂਰ ਚੰਦ ਕਹੁ ਮਾਨੈ ॥ ਅਗਨਿ ਹੋਤ੍ਰ ਕਈ ਪਵਨ ਪ੍ਰਮਾਨੈ ॥੧੦॥ केते सूर चंद कहु मानै ॥ अगनि होत्र कई पवन प्रमानै ॥१०॥ Several people worshipped the sun and the moon and several others worshipped Fire and Ait.10. ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਪਾਹਨ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਨ੍ਹਾਤ ਕਿਤੇ ਜਲ ਕਰਤ ਬਿਧਾਨਾ ॥ किनहूं प्रभु पाहन पहिचाना ॥ न्हात किते जल करत बिधाना ॥ Several them considered God as stone and several others bathed considering the Lordship of Water. ਕੇਤਕ ਕਰਮ ਕਰਤ ਡਰਪਾਨਾ ॥ ਧਰਮ ਰਾਜ ਕੋ ਧਰਮ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੧੧॥ केतक करम करत डरपाना ॥ धरम राज को धरम पछाना ॥११॥ Considering Dharmaraja as the Supreme representative of Dharma, several bore fear of him in their actions. 11. ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਸਾਖ ਨਮਿਤ ਠਹਿਰਾਏ ॥ ਤੇ ਹਿਆਂ ਆਇ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਕਹਵਾਏ ॥ जो प्रभ साख नमित ठहिराए ॥ ते हिआं आइ प्रभू कहवाए ॥ All those whom God established for the revelation of His Supremacy, they themselves were called Supreme. ਤਾ ਕੀ ਬਾਤ ਬਿਸਰ ਜਾਤੀ ਭੀ ॥ ਅਪਨੀ ਅਪਨੀ ਪਰਤ ਸੋਭ ਭੀ ॥੧੨॥ ता की बात बिसर जाती भी ॥ अपनी अपनी परत सोभ भी ॥१२॥ They forgot the Lord in their race for supremacy. 12 ਜਬ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੋ ਨ ਤਿਨੈ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਤਬ ਹਰਿ ਇਨ ਮਨੁਛਨ ਠਹਿਰਾਨਾ ॥ जब प्रभ को न तिनै पहिचाना ॥ तब हरि इन मनुछन ठहिराना ॥ When they did not comprehend the Lord, then I established human beings in their place. That Guru Ji exclaimed that his younger son Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji should no longer be called Tiag Mal or renunciate but Tegh Bahadhur or brave wielder of the Sword.Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji left for heavenly abode on February 1644, Sunday.Mata Nanki Ji requested Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji to bestow his blessings upon Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji.Guru Sahib Ji gave Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji a handkerchief , a sacred volume of psalms, and a short dagger.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji constantly meditated upon Gods Name and refrained from indulging in worldy pleasures,Guru Ji was able to extend the handkerchief to a large protector sheet which protected the whole of Hindustan from the terrible wrath of the Moghuls. And hence Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji came to be known as the protector of Hind or Hind Ki Chadar.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was able to extend the short sword presented to him by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji through his perseverance and acceptance of Gods will into a long sword that eventually led to the fall of the Mughal empire in India.Guru Har Rai,7th Guru of the Sikhs remained as Guru for 17 years.. In 1658, Emperor Aurangzeb murdered his brothers Dara, Murad and Sujah in order to acceed to the throne.Auranzeb ordered a new self-bigoted religious policy. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's elder brother Prithi Chand was very envious of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji . Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji therefore decided to settle down in a new town.Guru Ji chose to settle in the mountainous region known as Makhowal.Makhowal was surrounded by three rivers ,namely Satluj, Sirsa and Charan Ganga. Guru Ji made his way towards Bilaspur. On his journey to Bilaspur, Guru Ji heard of te death of Tara Chand at Kiratpur.AT Bilaspur, the widow of Tara Chand offered Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji three nagars: Meeapur, Lodhipur, Sahotah nagar and the surrounding land but Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji offered money for their purchase..Guru Ji made use of statsmanship and judgement to plan ahead for the future.Guru Ji established a new town and named it Chak Mata Nanaki. Guru Ji kept carefully all the documents for the su of 2200 rupees in return for the purchase of Makhowal,Mator and Lodhipur.Two Pathans called Mato and and Makh founded these two villages.Theses pathans had been considered to be demoons because they were cruel and unfair to the villagers. Guru Tegh Bahadhur JI founded the new town chak Mata Nanki on 21 Harrh 1722/June 1665 AD.GUru Sahib Ji asked the grandson of the revered Sikh Baba Buddha Ji, Baba Gurditta Ji,to lay the foundation stone of the New City.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji named the new town Mata Chakk Nanaki after his mother Mata Nanki JI.Later, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji found out that there was trouble in the East. The bigoted and cruel Emperor Aurangzeb was executing his wrath on the people of Agra, Mathura, Prayag and Benaras and Ayodhya.. Aurangzeb had created many atrocities on his people. At once Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji accompanied by Mata Gujri Ji left for the East.GUru Tegh Bahadhur Ji considered it unsafe for Mata Gujri to be left alona at Sri Anadpur Sahib.When Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji reahed Allahabad, it had been nearly 27 years since Guru Ji's marriage and still Guru Ji was issueless. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji and Mata Gujri Ji spent their days in mediatation and penance for a revered Godly=son.Guru Gobind Singh Ji narrates in his Bani Bachittar Natak how his mother and father spent their days in meditation and that the Supreme Lord God was pleased with the devotion of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji.Akal Purakh Ji granted their wish and Guru Gobind Singh Ji's soul entered Mata Gujris womb at Allahabad, the exact spot where the great rivers meet.. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji travelled from Allahabad, Banaras, Goya, via Karam Nas Nadi and finally reached Patna.On reaching Patna, the rainy season arrived and te humidity had just subsided. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji further strengthened and reorganised the divine mission of Guru Nanak.InOn 19th August 16666, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji received news Shiva Jee Maratha and Ram Singh's son ha escaped.Urangzeb held Ram Singh responsible and wanted to reprimand him.He was sentencedto a concentration camp in Assam. It was reknown that whoever went to the camp never returned alive. Raja Ram Singh met with Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji in February 1669 at Dhaka.Guru Tegh Bahadhur had arrived in Dhaka on 1666 October..On his way to Patna, Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji addressed a Hukamnama to the congregation of Patna.It is evident from Guru Sahibs Hukamnama that Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji was concerned about the health of of Mata Gujri Ji.Guru Tegh Bahadhur jI was in Dhaka when Bhai Mehar Chand Jiand Bhai Kalyan Chand Ji informed him that a child Guru was born to him on the 7th day of Pogh 1723/22 December 1666. On the arrival of the news of the birth of his son, Gobind Das,at Patna. Guru Tegh Bahadhur sent a hukamnama to the sangat of Patna.Guru Tegh Bahadhur sent a hukamnama to the sangat of Patna and read as follows “Whoever has spent money on the auspicious birth of Gobind Das will have their wishes fulfilled by God.They shall also receive a place in the court of God. Money spent has earned you respect in the court of God.All your selfless service shall be rewarded.Those who serve Gobind Das in the future will be blessed. Everybody's business and jobs will flouriash.Guru Tegh Bahadhur senta robe of honour them.Patna is the home of the Guru. This was followed by asecond hukamnama which read, “ The sangat that has served the child Gobind Das will be rewarded in the court of the Guru.The sangat is truly blessed”. Guru Tegh Bahadhur returned to the Punjab in 1670 after staying with Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Patna for a few days. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji thought that it would be wise to leave his family in Pa5tna. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji returned to Anadpur Sahib and made provisions for its compltion. The child Guru, Gobind Das stayed in Patna for 6 days.Patna used to be in the state of Bangal. Bihar was also part of Bengal. The Nawab of Patna was Rahim Bakhsh. Patna began to be well known since the time3 of Asoka. Patna being in close proximity to Nauloda meant that it too became an important centre of learning. Mahatma Buddha on his way to Rajgeal halted at Patna and prophecised that as a result of the citizens quarelling over fire, water and other natural resources personal jealousy would lead to the destruction of Patna and consequently Patna would have to be rebuilt.This happening would recurr. The city ofPatna was razed to the ground several times but flourished many times and this is why Patna is known by several differentnamessuch as; Pali, Yothra, Pushppur, Kusmur, Kusaniwah, Moreea NagarPatta and Patliputar.Guru Gobind Singh Ji took Physical birth at the city of Patna in December 1666. Guru Gobind Singh Ji rites in his penned bani that he took birth in the city of Patna.The city of Patna was commonly known as Patna at the time of Guru Ji's birth. Towards the end of the the 16th century, an European writer Melanie Rolf has written that the stars at dusk twicker in the sity of Patna and the people of Patliputtar like the white flowers of the patil plant bloom too.The teeming bazaars of Patna stock quality gold, silver and kitchenware.Patna can be likened to heaven or the land of the Gods.Exactly 80 years later, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, emperor of emperors, took birth atr Patna Sahib.Guru Gobind Singh Ji was entrusted with the responsibilty to make this world heaven.traditionally, the seventh of Poh is the birtday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Poh literally means to touch.Guru Ji took physical birth so that the poison of maya could not touch this world.Guru Gobind Singh Ji;s maternal uncle Mama Kirpaol Chand Ji took complete care of the chld Guru. Bhai Dayala Ji was responsible for all the aarangements for the care of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Bhai Ram Rai and Bhai Darbari Ji worked day and night to take careof the child and his family. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji mentions other Sikhs who were devoted to the seva of the child Guru in his hukamnamas. Bebe Perhhee Baee kindled the child Guru, Gobind Das. Guru Gobind Singh J mentions another midwife Lado.The child guru was loved by the whole of Patna.Guru Ji's maternal uncle Mama Kirpal Chand often told his Mata Gujri, mother of Guru Ji, that Guru Gobind Singh Ji was truly God incarnate.
  21. Guru Gobind Singh Ji's previous incarnation as described in his autobiography, Bachittar Natak Granth which is included in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj Guru Gobind Singh Ji is the worlds only spiritual leader to have penned his autobiography pre-incarnation. He mentions in his composition Bachittar Natak an account of his previous birth.Bachittar Natak translates to Wonderful Drama , is included in his selection of writings which form the second most sacred scripture of the Sikhs, the Dasam Guru Granth Sahib Ji after the Adi Granth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji penned the Bachittar Natak on the banks of the Yamuna at Sri Paonta Sahib in 1698AD. “Whoever listens or reads the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh Ji will surely go to the house of the Almighty Lord.” (Baba Ranjit Singh Ji of Dudley) Guru Gobind singh Ji was merely 33 years of age when he formed the Khalsa Brotherhood..Guru Ji gives such vivid descriptions of the sacred place where he meditated in his previous incarnation. Guru Ji describes that He meditated on Hemkunt Parbat which is desribed to be surrounded by seven snow capped peaks. Through long penance Guru Sahib Ji became one with God . Guru Sahib Ji was absorbed in deep mediatation when Akal Purakh approached Guru Ji to take physical birth on this earth. Guru Sahib Ji was hesitant to leave this blissful mediatative state but nevetheless Guru Sahib Ji obeyed the command of the Lord Almighty. The Supreme Lord insisted that Guru Sahib Ji took physical birth on this earth to uproot evil and to promulgate dharma. Guru Gobind Singh Ji with bowed head and folded hands accepted the hukam of Waheguru and took physical birth at Patna Sahib on 22nd December 1622. Today Gurdwara Takhat Sri Harimandir Sahib , Patna stands in memory of Guru Ji. Guru Gobind Singh Ji narrates in his own words and hence known as sri mukhwak or from the mouth of the tenth Guru: ਚੌਪਈ ॥ Bachiitar Natak Granth, found in Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji CHAUPAI ਅਬ ਮੈ ਅਪਨੀ ਕਥਾ ਬਖਾਨੋ ॥ ਤਪ ਸਾਧਤ ਜਿਹ ਬਿਧਿ ਮੁਹਿ ਆਨੋ ॥ Now I relate my own story as to how I was brought here, while I was absorbed in deep meditation. ਹੇਮ ਕੁੰਟ ਪਰਬਤ ਹੈ ਜਹਾਂ ॥ ਸਪਤ ਸ੍ਰਿੰਗ ਸੋਭਿਤ ਹੈ ਤਹਾਂ ॥੧॥ The site was the mountain named Hemkunt, with seven peaks and looks there very impressive.1. ਸਪਤ ਸ੍ਰਿੰਗ ਤਿਹ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਹਾਵਾ ॥ ਪੰਡੁ ਰਾਜ ਜਹ ਜੋਗੁ ਕਮਾਵਾ ॥ That mountain is called Sapt Shring (seven-peaked mountain), where the Pandavas Practised Yoga. ਤਹ ਹਮ ਅਧਿਕ ਤਪਸਿਆ ਸਾਧੀ ॥ ਮਹਾਕਾਲ ਕਾਲਿਕਾ ਅਰਾਧੀ ॥੨॥ There I was absorbed in deep meditation on the Primal Power, the Supreme KAL.2. ਇਹ ਬਿਧਿ ਕਰਤ ਤਪਿਸਆ ਭਯੋ ॥ ਦ੍ਵੈ ਤੇ ਏਕ ਰੂਪ ਹ੍ਵੈ ਗਯੋ ॥ In this way, my meditation reached its zenith and I became One with the Omnipotent Lord. ਤਾਤ ਮਾਤ ਮੁਰ ਅਲਖ ਅਰਾਧਾ ॥ ਬਹੁ ਬਿਧਿ ਜੋਗ ਸਾਧਨਾ ਸਾਧਾ ॥੩॥ My parents also meditated for the union with the Incomprehensible Lord and performed many types of disciplines for union.3. ਤਿਨ ਜੋ ਕਰੀ ਅਲਖ ਕੀ ਸੇਵਾ ॥ ਤਾ ਤੇ ਭਏ ਪ੍ਰਸੰਨਿ ਗੁਰਦੇਵਾ ॥ The service that they rendered the Incomprehensible Lord, caused the pleasure of the Supreme Guru (i.e. Lord). ਤਿਨ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਜਬ ਆਇਸ ਮੁਹਿ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਤਬ ਹਮ ਜਨਮ ਕਲੂ ਮਹਿ ਲੀਆ ॥੪॥ When the Lord ordered me, I was born in this Iron age.4. ਚਿਤ ਨ ਭਯੋ ਹਮਰੋ ਆਵਨ ਕਹਿ ॥ ਚੁਭੀ ਰਹੀ ਸ੍ਰੁਤਿ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਚਰਨਨ ਮਹਿ ॥ I had no desire to come, because I was totally absorbed in devotion for the Holy feet of the Lord. ਜਿਉ ਤਿਉ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਹਮ ਕੋ ਸਮਝਾਯੋ ॥ ਇਮ ਕਿਹ ਕੈ ਇਹ ਲੋਕਿ ਪਠਾਯੋ ॥੫॥ But the Lord made me understand His Will and sent me in this world with the following words.5. ਅਕਾਲ ਪੁਰਖ ਬਾਚ ਇਸ ਕੀਟ ਪ੍ਰਤਿ ॥ The Words of the Non-temporal Lord to this insect: ਚੌਪਈ ॥ चौपई ॥ CHAUPAI ਜਬ ਪਹਿਲੇ ਹਮ ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਬਨਾਈ ॥ ਦਈਤ ਰਚੇ ਦੁਸਟ ਦੁਖਦਾਈ ॥ जब पहिले हम स्रिसटि बनाई ॥ दईत रचे दुसट दुखदाई ॥ When I created the world in the beginning, I created the ignominious and dreadful Daityas.
  22. Butala village is seven kilometr northeast of Baba Bakala. Here lived a poor widow and her youthful son nicknamed Baba Palla Ji because He always carried a rupee and a lump of jaggery or gurrh tied in ain a scarf called Palla in Punjabi. which He said He would offer to his Guru whan and where He happened to meet Guru Ji.Guru Hargobind Sahib ji divined his wish and came to grace village Butala, according to local tradition, on 15th Phagun 1665 Bikrami or 19th Februaruy and received Baba Palla ji's offering and blessed hm and his mother. Their house thence onward became a dharamsal where Gurdwara Paatshahi Chevvin was established in 1887.Sri Guru Singh sabha was formed at Butala in 1889 wityh its office in this Gurdwara where Guru Granth Sahib Ji and Sr Dasam Granth Sahib Ji were seated side by side. Puranmasi was celebrated here. The Gurdwara is now managed by a committee of the local sangat. An annual religious fair is held here on 15th of Phagun end February.
  23. Pundit Kirpa Ram received divine instruction to seek refuge at the court of Guru Tegh bahadhur Ji at Amarnath cave. The chronicle said that there is no one but Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji, the son of the sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, who can save your faith in the hour of need. Pundit Kirpa ram was well aware of the the beliefs and teachings of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji hekd court at Sri Anadpur Sahib and would listen to the sorrowful tales of his devotees. Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji uttered that his head was not dear to him as He was going to play the game of martyrdom.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji gave his attention to the compilation of hymns for Guru Granth Sahib Ji and spent most of his time in meditation. Bhai Kesar Singh Chibbar writes that Bhai Harjas Rai taught Gurmukhi script to Guru Gobind Rai Ji.He was hooured as a great scholar.Within a year, the child Guru became fluent in Pharsi and learnt the whole of Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji in a matter of six months.Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji also educated the child Guru in the art of weaponry, horse riding, archery,spear fighting and swimming. According to Bhatt Vahi Taulad and Guru Kian Sakhian , the art of weaponry and horse riding was delivered to Guru Gobind Singh Ji by Bhai Bujjr Singh Sahdra Pargana Wajira Bhatt . The child Guru mastered worldly knowledge and the art of warfare in three years only.The child Guru was very intelligent and was very handsome. Guru Tegh Bahadhur left for heavenly aboard after He was beheaded at the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.The end of Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji's earthly life marked the beginninig of the fall of the Mughal Empire. No one dared to lift the head of the martyred guru.Rebelions ensued in the various states but had minimum neffect on the unjust Mughl empire.[
  24. In the month of Sawan , 24th day, Samat 1751 Bikram 24th July 1698 all of the sangat accompanied the Guru to Danapur.At Danapur a woman caleed Prem Kutthee Maee n ofeered all her life savings to the sadh sangat.She got made for Guru Ji, a khichree dish and the vessel in which she made the khichree dish she treasured in her home and her home became a place of worship.This place famously became known as Haindee walee jugat. Whoever took a divine glimpse of the divine Guru praised Guru Ji.Batha Sooraj Mal also praised the Guru. The mother of Guru Harkrishan Ji, would praise the child Guru admiringly. The Masands of Makhowal came frward to welcome the child Guru. The child guru placed his holy feet in the town of Chak Mata Nanaki Ji Makhowal. The Guru halted at the banks of the River Sirsa and recited five stanzas o Sri anandSahib ji, a holy prayer of bliss composed by Sri Guru Amar Dass,3rd Guru of the Sikhs, and delared henceforth that the town will now be renamed Sri Anandpur Sahib Ji.This event took place in March 1673.Guru Tegh Bahadhur was very pleased and announced that this town would henceforth be called Sri Anandpur.Far and near, Guru Gobind Singh Ji's radiance, wisdom, righteousness, charismatic personality inspired many. Starting from the early days of Guru Gobind Singh Ji's career to the martyrdom of Sahib Sri Guru Tegh Bahadjur Ji, Ananpur Sahib blossomed and became a centre of lerarning and henceforth became to be known as the "City of Bliss". This centre of learning included a Madrusa and Paathshala. Learned scholars came to Anandpur sahib and shared their wisdom.To ecape the fear of Aurangzeb, many sought refuge at the the feet of guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji, According to Sikh History, the Head of the Madrusa was Munshi pir Mohammad Kaji and Head of the paathshala wasunshi Sahib Chand.Both of them in a short period of time taught Guru Gobind Rai Ji Arabic, Pharsi and Sanskrit.
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