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I believe that, in more ways than one, this article might act as a potential eye-opener vis-a-vis the fall of Sikh Raaj. To quote an excerpt: 'The hidebound state which both the Hindu and Islamic doxas’ envision run on the concurrence of the power-wielder and it’s brokers viz. the Brahmin(s) or the Ulama. The socio-legal concepts devised, and implemented, in the Shastras and Shari’a are designed to keep the proletariat in check from whom the danger of mutiny is ever-constant. To shatter this inimical nexus of Babur (the state) and Bipar (religious hypocrisy), Guru Nanak Dev Ji laid the ideological foundations of the Khalsa which were later made manifest by his nine successors. On his deathbed, in 1708 A.D., the tenth Nanak enjoined the Khalsa to ‘march towards stability and enduring prosperity by renouncing dogmatic traditionalism and the writ of any sacerdotal class…’ (17) The Sikh Gurus, doubtless, were well aware of the sub-continental past. Empire after empire had followed one another to the grave and politico-religious oppression had confined the proletariat to the merciless whims of his superiors. Political impermanence had arisen out of either theocracy or Caesaropapism relegating many a kingdom to oblivion. The medieval epoch, in the sub-continental context, was marked by the rise and fall of various polities namely the Maurya and Gupta empires; the Harsha empire confined to the north; the Pala empires in Bengal and Behar and so forth. (18) With the Khalsa being inherently equal, the birth of any sacerdotal class was well arrested whilst a quasi-democratic outlook was bequeathed to the body vis-a-vis it’s political approach. The question remains, was this outlook ever implemented?' https://tisarpanthdotcom.wordpress.com/2017/06/06/raj/
why did the Sikh misls go to war with each other in the 1700's with all the Islamic terrorism going on around the punjab how many Sikh misls
I will like to profusely apologise to the mods for abusing their familial lineage during my last tenure on this forum. I will also like to apologise to anyone else who I abused, threatened or intimidated. I assure you I will now stick to the rules of this forum and not digress from anything at hand. This is a recent article which I completed and posted upon my blog. I was highly frustrated by the lack of references or sources (written in the 21st century) detailing the activities of the Khalsa misls. One day I stumbled upon the memoirs of Major Henry Cour, an officer based in India during the early colonial days, and the works of Bhai Kazan Singh. They finally answered all my queries and here I provide a short sketch of the misls. 'Arising from the Tarna Dal, in the eighteenth century (1) the Khalsa Misls or confederacies succeeded in emphasizing upon, and establishing an autonomous reign for their wards in an undivided Punjab. Warring with the remnants of the Mughal empire, Nadir Shah's expansionist whims, Ahmad Shah Abdali (named the 'cur of Kabul') and the sub-continental Marathas, these confederacies often displayed a dual front to their foes at large. Periodically battling each other for loot and territorial extrapolation, they more often than not marginalized their differences for defensive purposes and expelling foreigners. Despite their instrumental role in establishing and preserving Khalsa-suzerainty in a post-Banda Singh period, most of these confederacies and their respective histories reside in ignorance. The Herculean names of the Ramgarhia, Sukarchakia, Singhpuria, Alhuwalia and KaroraSinghia confederacies have gained extensive credence in present-day Sikh thought, but their subtle yet decisive partners such as the Bhangis, the Nishanvalais or even Shahida are not paid much tribute or respect for their instrumentality in the said period. In an era where Khalsa politics has reached it's penultimate nadir, it is important to reminisce about the historicities orbiting these military/political bodies and deriving impertinent wisdom from the latter.' http://tisarpanth.blogspot.co.nz/2014/04/a-short-sketch-of-khalsa-confederacies.html?view=timeslide