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Dear Satsangi ji,

Guru Arjan Dev ji birthday is coming soon, and i am still so poor in understanding my Guru.... there are His compositions called Gatha, Phunhey and Caoubole... could anyone shed some light onto this?

1. What is the language used in the shabads? Landhi? or Sindhi? or punjabi?

2. Why were these shabads placed at the end of the Guru? I mean on page 1359 so on?

3. What are the main difference between the 3?

4. In Caubole, there is mention of the names Musam and Jammal... who are they?

Please do assist...

wjkkk wjkf

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Sahib Singhs Teeka is misleading as it has no uthanikas and no one understands why a certain shabad was recited or for what context.

Gatha is Sanskrit for what we call Katha. Pandit Krishan Laal and Raam Laal came to the shelter of Sri Guru Arjan Dev ji and brought with them Guru Nanak Dev Jis Sahaskritee Salok. Following this Guru Arjan Dev Ji blessed them and uttered the Sahaskritee Salok Mahala 5 to eradicate their burden and take them out of the cycle of rebirth. Once liberated they requested that Guru Arjan Dev Ji gives them some insight of God. At that point the Gatha was uttered.

Funhe was recited on Guru Arjan Dev Ji's wedding day. Guru Sahib were asked to show their strength and uprooted a tree, his sister in law Harian was apologetic for not having complete faith in the Guru and this updesh was given to her. Her name is repeated again and agin in this bani as it was an updesh directly to her and the sangat on that day who did not have faith in the Guru

Choubole is a bani by four sikhs in the presence of the Guru. The first ar father and son Samon and Moosan and secondly there is Jamal and Patang. The title of the bani comes from the concept that four people are partink in a direct and divine conversation with the guru and inbetween themselves.

For more information just listen to the first two minutes of katha by Sant Giani Gurbachan Singh Ji Bhindrawalae who have uttered the uthanikas to all the granths.

The language used in Gathe is Sanskrit and Prakrit while the other two are in Punjabi and Sindhi.

All these banis appear after the shabads in raag as they are not composed in a specific raag or mishrat raag.

All three are distinct are are different banis due to their updesh, location and timing.

I hope that helps. If you need to know more then avoid the Teeka by Prof Sahib singh and have a look at the Amir bhandar or Faridkot Teeka

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