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John Martin Honigberger - Maharajah Ranjit Singh's Doctor


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Painting of 2 Sikh doctors in independent Panjab (from collection sold at Bonhams):  

Yes he is mentioning sis ganj Sahib in Delhi. At present this gurdwara is under the control of DSGPC and there is no shaheedi degh there. May be in the past, this gurdwara was under the infl

Here's the full book for anyone interested:   https://www.rarebooksocietyofindia.org/book_archive/196174216674_10153456407721675.pdf 

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Account of Maharajah Ranjit Singh's death and drug taking. Honigberger believes it was the personality and presence of Ranjit Singh more than any doctrine that held the kingdom together.

The small doses of opium (every afternoon one pill of 3 grms.) which Runjeet Sing took daily, and the strong spirits he used to drink at different hours of the day, transported him into a kind of excitement, which manifested itself in the highest degree in the evening, after the enjoyment of larger portions of spirits. Every one loved and feared him at the same time. He had an army of 100,000 men, inspiring awe and respect, half of whom were regular and the other half irregular troops, with whom he might have enforced his laws on all the Hindoos; nevertheless he entertained the greatest friendship with his neighbours the English, and manifested his favour towards the French, the Italians, and other European nations, by making them governors in his provinces. His disease was brought on by a severe cold, and by indulging somewhat too much in strong spirits. The latter I am told was specifically the case during the winter in which the Governor-General of India, Lord Auckland, came to Lahore to pay him a visit. In the transport of his joy, he drank more than ordinarily. Probably, if an emetic had been given at the commencement of the disease, it would have produced a good effect; but as the native physicians did not know of any good and effective emetic, and are fearful, also, of the effects of vomiting, they prefer using purgatives by which sometimes the disease grows worse, as the case above related sufficiently proves.

It made a very deep impression on my feelings to have been prevented from making myself useful to the maharajah, and restoring to health the man on whose life was depending the happiness, peace and prosperity of that country. Every one whose forethought enabled him to throw a glance on the future must have seen with pain and sorrow that a violent crisis menaced that country, by which a nation scarcely risen from barbarity might sink back into its former condition.

 

 

 

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Suttee at Ranjit Singh's funeral and an explanation of the customs around this practice.

 


The first sad and cruel scene that I witnessed after the death of Runjeet Sing, was the Suttee, or burning of his eleven wives, along with the body of the deceased. There were four ranees (legel wives), and seven female slaves, who, animated with the superstitious hope of entering paradise with their lord and husband were the funeral pile with death defying intrepidity; they cowered round the corpse, and were covered with reed mats on which oil was poured in profusion. This done, fire was set to the funeral pile, so that the poor creatures became suffocated by the smoke and flames before they could utter a cry. In order not to give the reader a false notion of the customs and manners of the Hindoos, it is necessary to observe, that no woman is compelled to be burnt with her husband; they do it by their own free will, and it is a characteristic trait, that only those women devote themselves to that ceremony whose fate had decreed them not to be mothers. Perhaps they follow their husbands to the other world, in the hope of obtaining there what was denied them in this sublunary one. But it is not the custom for men to be burnt, either with their wives or with other men; nevertheless, the minister, Rajah Dyan Sing [Dhian Singh], insisted upon being burnt with his lord and his wives; but the welfare of the country depending at that time solely on him, he was prevented from undergoing this terrific ceremony.

Runjeet Sing, a short time before his death, engaged this minister to assist his son, Khurrek Sing, whom he made heir to the throne, although he must have been persuaded of his incapacity ; and if Khurrek Sing had followed the prudent I advice of his father, and had not yielded to the insinuations of his tutor Sirdar Chet Sing, every thing would have proceeded in a prosperous manner.

 

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Rajah Dhian Singh*


 

* [My footnote: Dalsingh]: This 'Dyan Sing' [or Dhian Singh] was a Brahmin Dogra and was murdered along with Maharajah Sher Singh at Lahore by Sandhawalia sardars in 1842. His brother Gulab Singh, later played a big role in betraying Singhs to the Brits in the Anglo-Sikh wars. The English rewarded Gulab with Kashmir for this. We should note that three brothers of this family had joined Maharajah Ranjit Singh's army and quickly worked their way through the ranks to be given titles of rajah by Ranjit Singh.

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Found this on Honigberger:

 

The following Latin extract is taken from the introduction of his book, Thirty five years in the East, and is inscribed on a plaque at his grave :

Nulla re homo proprius accredit ad Deum quam salute hominibus danda (“Nothing gets man closer to God than the help offered to his fellow man in the restoration of health”.)

 

The History of Johann Martin Honigberger

 

Dr. Ileana Rindasu traces the history of Johann Martin Honigberger, the man who brought homeopathy to India. She honors him with a memorial plaque.

M. Honigberger, the Transylvanian Saxon who is considered to be the man who brought homeopathy to India, was born on 10th of March, 1795 in Brașov (Krohnstadt), Romania (in Transylvania or Siebenbürgen, as this region is known in German). He travelled to India in 1815, with the desire to become more familiar with the secrets of nature, as he confesses in the introduction of his book, Thirty-Five Years in the East (first ed.,1851, in German; English edition, 1852; Romanian edition, 2004) ; Thus, he began a series of journeys, five to the East (Orient), three others in Europe and one to Africa that lasted altogether more than 50 years . He died in December, 18th, 1869, at the age of 74, in his native town, Brașov and was buried in the Evangelic cemetery.

 

Transylvania-or-Siebenb%C3%BCrgen.jpg

Transylvania or Siebenbürgen

 

Honigberger was mainly an autodidact with a great desire to constantly improve himself. This desire motivated him to research the laws of nature so he could help patients by his skills and knowledge.

The fundamental rule that every doctor should respect, said Dr. Honigberger, is: “One must, as much as possible, avoid all strong doses and administer only those that, if not beneficial, at least cannot do any harm”. This principle, in the vision of the author, can be easily respected if we know the effects of medicines, both in high doses and in small doses.

Also he states : “Only minute doses can produce a real medicinal effect. If we realize that drugs administered in minute doses possess specific qualities, it is our duty to learn the principles of their use and we are obliged to abandon our principles that nurture our prejudice”.

For many years, Dr. Honigberger was the physician of the Court in Lahore (Punjab, in nowadays Pakistan) for the Maharajah Ranjit Singh. Honigberger learned from his own experience as well. He treated himself successfully for cholera, in Vienna soon after he visited Hahnemann (when he took Ipecac and was cured) and for plague, in Pali, Hindustan, when he was on his way to Lahore, for the second time. That time, he took Ignatia, a remedy he had used before in Pera (Constantinopole) during the plague epidemics.

Many of these aspects are well-known to the historians of medicine and of homeopathy, but usually, there is a great confusion concerning the person of Martin Johann Honigberger himself. In the literature, we find some confusion concerning his nationality. Many authors consider him to be a French doctor, while others believe he was a Hungarian. In fact, he was a Transylvanian saxon, which means he was of German origin. The Transylvanian axons (German: Siebenbürger Sachsen) are people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania  from the 12th century onwards). The history of Romania, the country where Dr. Honigberger was born is not well-known abroad. Transylvania, the north-western part of Romania was for many centuries a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire, so many could indeed believe that Honigberger was a Hungarian. Another aspect that is unclear, is the place where Dr. Honigberger was buried. The documents (below) from the archives of the Black Church of Brasov- Kronstadt, Romania, will clarify the nationality of Dr. Honigberger and show how we discovered his grave, in the Evangelic cemetery of Brasov.

In 2013, I went to Brasov, sent by the Romanian Society of Homeopathy, to see if there were any documents concerning Dr. Honigberger in the archives of the Black Church of Brasov, as we knew that he died in Brasov in 1869.

Below, you can see the documents that I found in the records of the Black Church, where it is stated that Johann Martin Honigberger, doctor of the King of Lahore was buried on 20th of December 1869, at the age of 74 and that he died due to his old age:

Rindasu-aug15-img01.jpg

 

Rindasu-aug15-img02.jpg

 

The grave is placed at position number 9 and it belonged to a member of the Kamner family, Friedrich Kamner. I tried to see what connection could be found between the Kamners and doctor Honigberger. In another register of the archives, I found a person who seemed to be Dr. Honigberger’s sister, Johanna Maria, married to Georgius Traugott Kamner, in 1819; so, we can understand why Honigberger was buried by the Kamner family when he returned to Brasov at the end of his life.

 

After finding all this evidence that Dr. Honigberger was indeed buried in the Evangelic cemetery of the town, I went to see the place and obtained the approval of the authorities to put a memorial plaque on the grave, with an inscription in Latin, taken from the introduction of the book, Thirty five years in the East:

Nulla re homo proprius accredit ad Deum quam salute hominibus danda (“Nothing gets man closer to God than the help offered to his fellow man in the restoration of health”.)

Rindasu-aug15-img04.jpg

Thus, the Romanian Society of Homeopathy – Societatea Romana de Homeopatie- has done its duty and paid its tribute to the Dr Johann Martin Honigberger, this extraordinary man who lived a life of service and brought the good news of homeopathy to India.

We hope that now, people from all over the world and also from India will be able to come and light a candle at his grave, together with a thought of admiration for this brave Transylvanian Saxon who travelled so far away from his native land to spread the light of homeopathy in the world.

May God rest Martin Johann Honigberger in peace and may our gratitude be always with him!

Bibliography

  1. Arion Rosu- Sur les traces du Transylvain Martin Honigberger, médecin et voyageur en Inde.
  2. Eugen Ciurtin – Către Afganistan, din Transilvania prin Johann Martin Honigberger (1795-1869); C. Silv., 2002;
  3. http://www.academia.edu/425432/M emoriile_orientale_ale_lui_Johann_ Martin_Honigberger._Posteritate_istorica_si_actualitate_fictionala_Acta _Mvsei_Porolissensis_XXVII_2005_Liv iu Bordas
  4. Johann Martin HonigbergerTreizeci si cinci de ani in Orient, ed. Polirom, Iasi, 2004
  5. http://fjhp.eu/articole/vol 2 No 1/2014.V2.N1.4.Rindasu - Honigberger 18-22.pdf

http://hpathy.com/homeopathy-papers/the-history-of-johann-martin-honigberger/

 

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21 hours ago, jkvlondon said:

Thanks veer ji interesting from both angles for me ...

Thanks. I'm not too convinced about homeotherapy myself, but anyone exploring science and medicine without being reckless with others has to be doing a good thing in my opinion.

This Honigberger is a fascinating character. 

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45 minutes ago, dallysingh101 said:

Thanks. I'm not to convinced about homeotherapy myself, but anyone exploring science and medicine without being reckless with others has to be doing a good thing in my opinion.

This Honigberger is a fascinating character. 

homeopathy works on a very subtle level unlike most drugs from the doctors (walnut and sledghammer) plus the aim of the game is to give one med to cover all the dis-eases of the patient and carefully monitor reaction and health of patient . My classmate's son was diagnosed with non hodgekinson's lymphoma whilst we were studying , he had a confirmed brain tumour , my friend was given leaflets about the disease and regular medical treatments but in the meantime whilst waiting for the next step (NHS) the operation after another consultant check she took him to a homeopath who was knowledgeable about cancer treatment  , he started his treatment; by the time the Doctor's appointment came up a month and half later , the tumour had disappeared . Of course this could be 'spontaneous healing' as Doctors love to say, but the point is we try to redirect the immune systems energy to dealing with the real problem not get overwhelmed and sit down on the job . 

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On 2/16/2017 at 0:40 AM, jkvlondon said:

homeopathy works on a very subtle level unlike most drugs from the doctors (walnut and sledghammer) plus the aim of the game is to give one med to cover all the dis-eases of the patient and carefully monitor reaction and health of patient . My classmate's son was diagnosed with non hodgekinson's lymphoma whilst we were studying , he had a confirmed brain tumour , my friend was given leaflets about the disease and regular medical treatments but in the meantime whilst waiting for the next step (NHS) the operation after another consultant check she took him to a homeopath who was knowledgeable about cancer treatment  , he started his treatment; by the time the Doctor's appointment came up a month and half later , the tumour had disappeared . Of course this could be 'spontaneous healing' as Doctors love to say, but the point is we try to redirect the immune systems energy to dealing with the real problem not get overwhelmed and sit down on the job . 

What do you say to the critique that the miniscule volumes of substances in homeopathic remedies renders them ineffective? 

That's what I commonly hear. I'm no expert on the matter so don't see it as some conclusive statement of belief on my part. 

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37 minutes ago, dallysingh101 said:

What do you say to the critique that the miniscule volumes of substances in homeopathic remedies renders them ineffective? 

That's what I commonly hear. I'm no expert on the matter so don't see it as some conclusive statement of belief on my part. 

the body runs on only the equivalent of a teaspoon worth of hormones for all processes all year ...that indicates that the intelligence of the body's immune system and the body's reactivity is highly underestimated . There is a well documented and tested phenomena in science called Hormesis where normally toxic substances when given in minute amounts have the opposite  effect to the expected giving positive health benefits .Of course the biggest kicker is what system of medicine do the elites rely on the petro-chemical based general meds they promoted  or homeopathy ...and the answer is homeopathy often having their own personal homeopaths ...  I have seen historical data collected during cholera epidemic during the american civil war and the homeopathic hospital lost very few patients downwards of 10% whereas the regular medicine hispital lost upwards of 80% of all cases

Recently Cuba developed a homeopathic 'vaccine' against dengue to save their population and had great results 

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56 minutes ago, dallysingh101 said:

Too much smoking weed (and maybe jealousy?) drives M. Ranjit Singh's brother in law mad:

276729608_honigbergergoolbegumsaddictbrother.png.c1baa543e445d4d23fea92c7370b73de.png

 

Have you seen Snoop? Does he look crazed to you? That was the jealousy bro or he was smoking opium. 

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35 minutes ago, GurjantGnostic said:

Have you seen Snoop? Does he look crazed to you? That was the jealousy bro or he was smoking opium. 

different people have different susceptibilities and underlying suspicious/jealous/envious mind will be easier to push over the edge . Snoop is not a healthy mind either he thinks nothing of exploiting females to supply him cash , that also includes the beatdown to keep them in line (I suppose) very psychopathic

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36 minutes ago, GurjantGnostic said:

Have you seen Snoop? Does he look crazed to you? That was the jealousy bro or he was smoking opium. 

Insane jealousy probably played a part, but I can tell you from what I've seen with my own eyes, some guys have some precondition that appears to be severely exacerbated by cannabis. I've seen a couple of guys be cogent, rational but go completely schizoid (as in hearing voices!) on just one puff of a 'spliff'. Some people go bonkers with excessive, habitual prolonged use, and Ayurvedic texts say as much.

Then on the other hand I've met with, and worked with guys who puff all day long (from waking up) and it doesn't seem to have a pronounced effect on them?? They puff enough to put a normal bloke on his back but still function???

Varying neurobiology interacts with the cannabinoids and has different effects on different people. This much is obvious. 

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2 hours ago, jkvlondon said:

different people have different susceptibilities and underlying suspicious/jealous/envious mind will be easier to push over the edge . Snoop is not a healthy mind either he thinks nothing of exploiting females to supply him cash , that also includes the beatdown to keep them in line (I suppose) very psychopathic

 

2 hours ago, dallysingh101 said:

Insane jealousy probably played a part, but I can tell you from what I've seen with my own eyes, some guys have some precondition that appears to be severely exacerbated by cannabis. I've seen a couple of guys be cogent, rational but go completely schizoid (as in hearing voices!) on just one puff of a 'spliff'. Some people go bonkers with excessive, habitual prolonged use, and Ayurvedic texts say as much.

Then on the other hand I've met with, and worked with guys who puff all day long (from waking up) and it doesn't seem to have a pronounced effect on them?? They puff enough to put a normal bloke on his back but still function???

Varying neurobiology interacts with the cannabinoids and has different effects on different people. This much is obvious. 

I've been around...a lot...a ...lot of cannabis users. Of the thousands I can think of, I know one dude and one dude only that gets paranoid enough from time to time he stops. Then after purging goes back to chill occasional use. And he did thousands of hits of acid so I think that's a factor. 

This is the closest major city to burning man. I've been there, been to music festivals, been all over to where the people love the good green herb and I have never run into that, never heard a story like that, never heard a cautionary tale like that. 

Not saying it's impossible but the numbers have to be miniscule. 

Oh right! Snoop. Yes, definitely not a role model. He's a good example for that reason. Gang banger, violent historically, uses or used harder drugs...still chill...the cannabis is the best thing he has going for him. It obviously makes him a better person not worse. If it was psychosis inducing Tommy Chong would be psychotic and so would half the world. 

If you asked Ranjit Singh what he was drinking he might say wine. But to him that's a mix of things. Who's to say what his brother was drinking is all I'm saying. And that it sounds...strange. 

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